Module 11

Created by CodyLoewen 

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83 terms

cyst-, vesic-

sac; cyst; bladder

nephr-, ren-

kidney

pyel-

renal pelvis; urine reservoir in kidney [which passes urine to ureter]

ur-, urin-

urine; urinary tract; urination

ureter-

ureter; tube carrying urine from kidney to bladder

urethr-

urethra; tube carrying urine from bladder to outside the body

uric-

uric acid

aden-

gland

adren-

adrenal gland

hormon-

hormone

amygdal-*, tonsill-

tonsil

lymph-

lymph

lymphatic-

lymphatic system; lymphatic duct

por-

pore; passage

splen-, lien-

spleen

adip-, lip-, steat-

fat

seb-

sebum; fatty secretion [of the sebaceous gland]

crin-

secretion

hidr-

sweat

hist-

tissue [of an animal or plant]

hygr-

moisture

onc-

tumour; swelling; abnormal mass

py-

pus

tox-, toxic-, toxon-, ven-*, venen-, venom-

poison

zym-

enzyme; fermentation

aeti-, eti-

cause

antr-

antrum; cavity

aux-

increase

bar-, bary-

weight; pressure

carcin-

cancer; cancerous [adj. root]

chron-

time

drom-

a running; flow

dynam-

power

helc-

ulceration

hypn-, somn-

sleep

icter-

jaundice

kinemat-, kinesi-, kinema-

movement

later-*

side

sept-*, saept-

septum [a wall that divides two cavities]

all-

other; another; divergent; alternating

anis-

unequal

astr-, aster-

star-shaped

atel-

incomplete

atret-

absence of an opening (to an organ/structure)

brachy-

short
[no CV follows]

brady-

slow
[no CV follows]

idi-

individual; distinct; distinctive; unknown

is-, equ-

equal
[equ- is followed by CV "i"]

lept-

thin

macr-

large; long

megal-

large

mes-

middle

micr-

small

olig-

few; small; scanty

orth-

straight; normal; correct

oxy-*

acute; swift; sharp; sour
[no CV follows]

pachy-

thich
[no CV follows]

pale-

old; ancient

poikil-

mottled; varied; irregular

prosth-, prosthet-

artificial

prot-

earliest; first

pseud-

false; imaginary

schist-, schiz-

split

scirrh-

hard [adj. root]; hard, cancerous tumour [noun root]

scoli-

crooked; laterally curved

sten-

narrow; constricted

tach-, tachy-

rapid
[no CV follows trachy-]

xer-, sicc-

dry

-agogue

agent used to induce (an action);
agent used to induce flow (of a substance or from an organ or tissue);
agent used to induce expulsion (of a foreign body).
(termination)

anti- ... -agogue

[prefix anti-] agent used to suppress (an action);
agent used to suppress flow (of a substance or from an organ or tissue);
agent used to suppress expulsion (of a foreign body)

-auxe, -auxis, -auxesis

enlargement
(termination)

-crine

secretion
(termination)

-elcosis

ulceration (of an organ or structure)
(termination)

-emesis

vomiting (of a substance)
(termination)

-emetic

causing vomiting (of a substance)
(termination)

-emphraxis

obstruction
(termination)

-lepsy

seizure
(termination)

-phyma, -phymata [pl.]

swelling
(termination)

-pore

pore; passage

-toxin

substance poisonous to (an organ or tissue);
poisonous substance present in (a plant or animal)
(termination)

anti- ... -toxin

[prefix anti-] agent used to oppose the substance poisonous to (an organ or tissue);
agent used to oppose poisonous substance present in (a plant or animal)

-uria

condition of the urine; condition of urination; presence of (a substance) in the urine
(termination)

a- ... -uria

[prefix a-] absence of (a substance) in the urine

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