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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. *plaintiff
  2. *concurring opinion
  3. *fee shifting
  4. *writ of certiorari
  5. *legislative court
  1. a A rule that allows a plaintiff to recover costs from the defendant if the plaintiff wins.
  2. b A signed opinion in which one or more justices agree with the majority's conclusion but for different reasons.
  3. c The party that initiates a lawsuit.
  4. d Courts created by Congress for specialized purposes whose judges do not enjoy the protections of Article III of the Constitution.
  5. e An order by a higher court directing a lower court to send up a case for review.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Cases involving citizens of different states who can bring suit in federal courts.
  2. A federal court authorized by Article III of the Constitution that keeps judges in office during good behavior and prevents their salaries from being reduced. They are the Supreme Court (created by the Constitution) and appellate and district courts created by Congress.
  3. An examination of the political ideology of a nominated judge.
  4. An issue the Supreme Court will allow the executive and legislative branches to decide.
  5. The power of courts to declare acts of the legislature and the executive unconstitutional.

5 True/False questions

  1. *courts of appealsFederal courts that hear appeals from district courts. No trials.


  2. *strict constructionist approachThe view that judges should discern the general principles underlying laws or the Constitution and apply them to modern circumstances.


  3. *standingThe party that initiates a lawsuit.


  4. *sovereign immunityA doctrine holding that state and federal authorities can prosecute the same person for the same conduct, each authority prosecuting under its own law.


  5. *activist approachA brief submitted by a "friend of the court."


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