5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- *district courts
- *class action suit
- *opinion of the Court
- *constitutional court
- a A case brought by someone to help him or her and all others who are similarly situated.
- b The lowest federal courts; federal trials can be held only here.
- c A legal rule stating who is authorized to start a lawsuit.
- d A federal court authorized by Article III of the Constitution that keeps judges in office during good behavior and prevents their salaries from being reduced. They are the Supreme Court (created by the Constitution) and appellate and district courts created by Congress.
- e An signed opinion of a majority of the Supreme Court.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- A judicial order enforcing a right or redressing a wrong.
- A doctrine holding that state and federal authorities can prosecute the same person for the same conduct, each authority prosecuting under its own law.
- The view that judges should discern the general principles underlying laws or the Constitution and apply them to modern circumstances.
- A brief and unsigned court opinion.
- A signed opinion in which one or more justices agree with the majority's conclusion but for different reasons.
5 True/False Questions
*amicus curiae → An examination of the political ideology of a nominated judge.
*strict constructionist approach → The view that judges should decide cases strictly on the basis of the language of the laws and the Constitution.
*legislative court → The lowest federal courts; federal trials can be held only here.
*in forma pauperis → Cases involving citizens of different states who can bring suit in federal courts.
*plaintiff → The party that initiates a lawsuit.