science notes for plants

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Do non-vascular plants circulate water? True or false?

False

Do non-vascular plants don't have true roots, stems and leaves? True or false.

True

Do non-vascular plants have vascular tissue? True or false.

false

Do non-vascular plants don't absorb water from cell to cell? True or false.

false

Do foundation plants prevent erosion? True or false.

false

Are vascular plants the biggest group in the animal kingdom? True or false.

true

Do vascular plants have true leaves, stems and roots? True or false.

true

Do vascular plants don't have stems either woody or herbaceous? True or false.

false

Do vascular plants have tube-like structures that provide support and help circulate water and food? True or false.

true

Is it true that spores are much smaller than seeds?

true

what type of plant produces spores?

spore producing plant

is it true that almost all flowerless plants don;t reproduce spores?

false

what's an example of spore producing plant?

mosses and ferns

what type of plant reproduces through seeds?

seed producing plant

Is it not true that seed plants make their own seeds?

false

what are the two major groups come from seed producing plants?

cone bearing and flowering

Is it true that the most diverse group of seed bearing plants is cone bearing?

true

Are most cone bearing plants evergreens?

true

What are conifers?

are trees or shrubs that never have flowers and needlelike leaves.

What is another name for cone bearing plants?

gymnosperms

Is it false that the vast majority of plants are flowering plants?

true

Give examples of flowering plants.

flowers, trees, shrubs, vines, fruits, vegies and legumes

What's the difference from conifers and flowering?

because conifers grow their seeds inside an ovary in the flower

What are seeds that store food in one or two seed leaves are called______.

cotyledons

What is another name for flowering plants

angiosperms

What is the name of a seed leaves with one food storage area and have either three or multiples of three petals.

monocotyledons

How are vascular tubes placed for monocotyledons?

randomly

leaves are long and slender with veins parallel to each other is what?

Monocotyledons

Give some examples of monocotyledons.

grass, corn, rice, lilies and tulips

What is the name of a seed leaves with two storage areas and have four or five or multiples of four or five.

dicotyledons

Leaves are usually wide with veins that branch off each other.

Dicotyledons

How are vascular tubes places for dicotyledons?

arranged in circle within the stem

Give some examples of dicotyledons.

roses, dandelions, maple and oak trees

Is it false that all seed plants have vascular tissue that transport materials throughout the plant?

yes

All seed plants use what to reproduce?

seeds

What do all seed plants have?

roots, stems and leaves

_____ is water and nutrients are carried to the leaves to make food for the plant.

xylem

_______ is when food is made in the plant's leaves, it enters the phloem and travels to the plant's roots and stems.

phloem

_____ are structures that contain a young plant inside a protective covering

seeds

The _____ is a young plant that develops from a fertilized egg ( zygote)

embryo

The ______ protects the embryo and it's food from drying out.

seed coat

The ______ as the embryo begins to grow it uses stored food in the seed until it can make its own food.

stored food

The ________ is the early growth stage of the embryo. Germination begins when the seed absorbs water from the environment.

germination

What capture the sun's energy and carry out photosynthesis

leaves

_________ are structures on the underside of a leaf open and close to allow gasses in and out( when open, carbon dioxide enters and oxygen and water vapor vapor exit)

stoma

What is transpiration?

the process by which plants loose water

What is chlorophyll?

in the chloroplasts traps energy from the sun

what do stems do?

they carry substances between the roots and leaves

What do stems provide?

support and holds up the leaves to absorb sunlight

What do stems contain?

the vascular tissues xylem and phloem

_____ absorb water and nutrients from the soil. It also is anchored to the ground.

roots

What do roots contain?

the vascular tissue xylem and phloem

what is the colorful part of the flower?

petal

What is the leaf like structure that encloses the unopened flower bud?

sepal

What is the male reproductive part of a flower?

stamens

What is the female reproductive part of a flower?

Pistal

What is in the stamens reproductive part?

the filament and anther

What is in the pistal reproductive part?

the stigma, style and ovary

What is the anther?

the knob that produces pollen

What is the filament?

stalk

What is the style?

tube

What is the stigma?

sticky part

What is the ovary?

the very center of the flower

_______ is a plant's growth response toward or away from the stimulus?

tropism

What is hydrotropism?

a plant shows positive hydrotropism when it grows toward water

What is gravitropism?

a plant shows positive gravitropism is when grows toward the gravity of the earth (roots)

What is phototropism?

a plant shows positive phototropism when it grows toward the light

What is Thigmotropism?

a plant shows positive thigmotropism when it moves toward objects that it touches

Give an example of a tuber.

potatoes

Give an example of a bulb.

onions

Give an example of a runners.

strawberries

Give an example of stem cuttings.

pineapples

Give an example of roots.

sweet potatoes

Give an example of leaves.

african violets

What is binomial nomenclature?

Linnaeus classified organisms by using two part names

What is Taxonomy?

the scientific method of how things are classified

What is Linnaeus?

grouped organisms based on observation features

A relationship where at least one organism benefits. Which is what?

symbolic

A symbolic relationship between algae and fungus or bacteria. Which is what?

lichen

When it benefits both which is what?

parasitism

When it don't harm anything benefits from one which is what?

communitism

what does crustose look like?

looks like layers of dead skin

What does foliose look like?

looks like leafs

What does fruitose look like?

looks like little trees

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