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Ch. 23

Austia-Hungry, Germany, and Italy

Triple Alliance

Britain, France, and Russia

Triple Entente

Established Draft

Selective Service Act

Produced American propaganda

Commitee on Public Information

Signed by Allies and Germany

Treaty of Versailles

A feeling of intense loyalty to one's country or group is called...

nationalism

In the early 1900's as European nations competed for colonies, they created an atmosphere of...

Militarism

An understanding between nations is called...

and entente

What was the most dramatic new weapon of World War 1?

Airplane

What German weapon changed the course of the war?

U-boat

Not one American soldier bound for Europe was lost to submarine attacks because of...

Convoys

After declaring war on Germany, Americans immediately began..

Mobilization

People who believe industries should be publicly woned are called...

Socialists

People opposed to the use of violence are called...

Pacifists

Of the Fourteen Points, the one Woodrow Wilson considered the most important concerned...

The League of Nations

Bolshevik

Vladimir Lenin

Agreement to end fighting

Armistice

Antiwar group

Woment's Peace Party

Opposed the Treaty of Versailles

Henry Cabot Lodge

Woodrow Wilson's peace plan

Fourteen Points

People who share a common language and traditions are part of the same...

ethnic group

Defense agreements among nations are called

Alliance systems

Germany's invasion of wchich country caused Britain to enter the war?

belgium

Which body joined the Central Powers because it had fought Russia in the past and feared new aggression?

Ottoman Empire

Which country joined the Allies because it was a rival of Germany?

Japan

Russia surrendered Poland with the...

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

To ensure production of vital war materials and resolve labor disputes, the government created the

National War Labor Board

world WAr 1 cost the United States about

$32 billion

The Treaty of Versailles split up the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the...

Russian Empire

Which country fought in the war but did not sign the Treaty of Versailles?

United States

What 2 countries challenged the power structure in Europe in the early 1900's?

Italy and Germany

Build up of military strength is known as what?

Militarism

What nation had the world's largest navy in the early 1900's?

Great Britain

What nations were parts of the Triple Alliance?

Germany, Austria-Hungry, and Italy

What nations were part s of the Triple Entente?

Great Britain, France, and Russia

A system that prevents one nation from becoming too powerful and dominating others is known as what?

Balance of power

What area of Europe was a hotbed of tension between nations adn ethnic groups?

Balkan Peninsula

What was "the spark" that set the whole thing off?

The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Germany backed what country's decision to go to war against Serbia?

Austria-Hungary

Who came to Serbia's aid after war is declared?

Russia

Germany then declares war on what two nations in early 1914?

Russia and France

How did Great Britain end up in the war?

Great Britain had pledged to protect neutral Belgium, and when Germany invaded Belgium, Great Britain was drawn in to the war.

Great Britain, France, and Russia made up what group?

the Allied Powers or Allies

Germany,Austri-Hungary, and the ottoman Empire made uip what group?

The Central Powers

WHere did the German advance to Paris stop in 1914?

The Marne River

What provided most of the protection at the front lines for the soldiers?

Trenches

What was the major German offensive in 1916?

the Battle of the Verdun

how many French and German soldiers died during this offensive?

More than 750,000

What was the major British and French offensive in 1916?

the Battle of the Somme

What was the new weapon used by the Germans in April 1915?

Poisonous gas

What new weapon used that helped soldiers cross battle lines?

Armored tank

How did this new weapon help these soldiers cross the lines?

They crushed the barbed wire, making it easier for advancing troops.

What is a "dogfight"?

Airplanes dueling in the sky

Name two famous pilots from WW2?

"The Red Baron"-Baronvon Richthofen adn Eddie Rickenbacker.

What is a "U-Boat"?

Submarine

What is Propaganda?

Information designed to influence public opinion.

How did France and ENgland finance WW1?

They borrowed money from the US.

What happened May 7, 1915 off the coast of Ireland?

A British passenger ship, the LUsitanian, was sunk by a German U-boat.

What was the "Sussex Pledge"?

Gernamy promised to warn passenger and merchant ships before they attack.

What was the Democratic campaign slogan for the 1916 presidential campaign?

"He Kept Us Out Of War"

What did Germany announce in Jnuary 1917?

It was revoking, or ending, the Sussex Pledge, and would sink all merchant ships that sailed to/from Allied Ports.

What was the Zimmerman Telegram?

A secret telegram from Germany to Mexico, trying to urge mexico to go to war against the US. in return, Mexico would get back lost territories of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. The Telegram was intercepted by tthe British.

What is an Autocracy?

A country ruled by one person with unlimited power.

What did the Selective Service Act do?

It established a pool of men eliible for a military draft in the Us.

HOw many men were called to service in WW1?

About 3 million

What roles did women serve in the armed forces?

Radio operators, clerks adn nurses.

Who was the first American to receive the French Cross of War?

Henry Johnson

Why was the convoy system of destroyers necessary?

To stop the Germans form sinking supply ships headed to England.

What group takes control of Russia in 1917.

The Bolsheviks

Who was their Leader?

Vladimir Lenin

What was the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk?

A Peace trety between Russia and Germany, that took Russia out of WW1.

This treaty allowed Germany to do what?

Move the troops from the Eastern Front, by Russia tto th eWE Western Front, in FRance.

What was the AEF?

American Expeditionary Force, Led by Gen. John J. Pershing.

Where did the AEF see their first serious fighting?

Chateau Thierry

What was the nickname given to American soldiers during WW1?

Doughboys.

What battle led the Germans to the realization that their country might be invaded?

The Battle of Argonne Forest/

What is an armistice?

An agreement to end fighting

What were the 4 conditions of Wilson's armistice?

Germany must...
1. Accept the terms for peace
2. Promise not to renew hostilities
3. Remove troo[s from Belgium and France
4. Have civilian leaders, not military leaders, negotiate peace.

Who was forced to give up his throne in Germany in November 1917?

Kaiser Wilhelm 2

When did the armistice begin>

November 11, 1918 at 11 am.

What is mobilization?

the gathering of resources and preparation for war.

What are LIberty Bonds?

War bonds sold to the american people to help raise money for the war.

What was the goal of the Food Dministration?

To enccourage farmers to produce more food and the public to eat less

Limiting the use of items is known as what?

Rationing

What was the mission of the Committee on Public Information?

To persuade the American people the war was for democracy and freedom.

How did the Committee on Public Info go about their mission?

They passed out pamphlets, books and new articles they gave govt accounts of the war. they used actors, writers, authors and other to give short speeches to build support for the war.

To be in opposition to a policy or belief is known as what?

Dissent

What is the Great Migration?

The mass movement of the African American population from the rural south to the cities of the north.

Name two groups that sided with the Central Powers.

German Americans and irish Americans

What do socialist believe?

that all industry should be Puplicly owned

People who oppose violence, even during a war are known as what?

Pacifists

What did the Sabotage Act and Sedition Act do?

Made it illegal to say, Print, or write anything that might be perceived as negative toward the govt

How many soldiers lost their lives in WW1?

27

About how many soldiers lost their lives in WW1?

about 9 million

Name 2 problems that complicated the search for peace in Europe after WW1?

Social and Political Turmoil.

President Wilson's vision for a 'just and lasting peace' was known as what?

The 14 Points

What is self-Deternimation?

Then right to choose how you want to be governed/

What did President Wilson hope would help preserve the peace and prevent futre wars?

he League of Nations

What major countries were not invited into the Paris Peace Conference?

Germany and Russia

Who were the Big Four?

US President Woodrow Wilson, British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, French Premier Georges Clemenceauk and Italian Prime Minisster Vitorio Orlando.

Who wanted to make sure that Germany never invaded France again?

French Premier Clemenceau

What are reparations?

Payments for damages caused by the war

What 2 nations wanted Germany to pay large sums in reparations?

France and GReat Britain

What was the peace trety signed on June 28, 1919 called?

The TReaty of Versailles

What shocked Germany about the peace treaty?

How harsh it was

What were the four points of the treaty for Germany?

Germany had to...
1. Accept full responsibility for the war.
2. Pay billions in reparations
3. Disarm totallyy
4. Give up all colonial territories

What happened to Austria-Hungary and Russia because of the treaty?

They were divided up to create new nations and restore old ones.

Who was the most outspoken critic of the treay?

US senator Henry Cabot LLodge

What happened to President Wilson hope would correct the problem with the treaty?

The League of Nations

Who was the most outspoken critic of the treaty?

US Senator Henry Cabot Lodge

What happened to President Wilson on September 25,1919?

He collapsed while giving seeches to rally support for the treaty

What happened to this treaty and its provisions in the Senate in March 1920?

The treaty was rejected

What did the US do in 1921 to the CEntral Powers?

The US signed separeate peace treaties with each Central Powers nation

Did the US ever join the League of Nations?

NO!

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