a politically organized body of people under a single government
Legally, a term encompassing all the citizens of a state. Most definitions now tend to refer to a tightly knit group of people possessing bonds of language, ethnicity, religion, and other shared cultural attributes. Such homogeneity actually prevails within very few states.
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves
ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states
term used to imply that a group, usually a minority ethnic group, is a nation but does does not have a State of its own (ex. Kurds, Palestinians)
a city and its surrounding lands functioning as an independent political unit.
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory
Control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society.
A state that encompasses a very small land area.
An imprecise term for a state or territory small in both population and area. An informal definition accepted by the United Nations suggests a maximum of 1 million population combined with a territory of less than 700km2 (270sq mi).
A country completely surrounded by another.
Ex. Swaziland inside South Africa
A state in which the distance from the center to the boundary does not vary significantly.
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory.
A state with a long narrow shape.
An otherwise compact state with a long projecting extension.
A state that completely surrounds another.
Ex. South Africa surrounding Swaziland
A state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea.
A boundary line established before an area is populated.
A boundary established after an area is popualted.
A boundary that ceases to exist.
a line that indicates a boundary
the boundary of a specific area
Natural boundaries such as rivers or mountains.
Physical boundaries such as imagi, a boundary that follows a geographic feature such as the Rio Grande or the Pyrenees Mountains.
of or relating to the branch of anthropology that deals with the scientific description of specific human creatures
How something is arranged.
a small neutral state between two rival powers
A zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control.
Nobody owns it.
Also cute penguins live there ;D
The policy of a state wishing to incorporate within itself territory inhabited by people who have ethnic or linguistic links with the country but that lies within a neighboring state
the right of a state to defend soverign territory against incurrsion from other states
An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of a local government.
the act of forming an alliance or confederation
An internal organization that places most power in the hands or control of gov't officials
The center of a country
as one region or state expands in economic prosperity, it must engulf regions nearby to ensure ongoing economic and political success (theory)
A forward capital is a symbolically relocated capital city usually because of either economic or strategic reasons. A forward capital is sometimes used to integrate outlying parts of a country into the state. An example would be Brasília.
Exclusive economic zones
a sea zone over which a country has rights over harvesting and exploration
Redistricting for political advantages. Dividing electoral districts up so they favor a particular political party.
Electoral regions are the different voting districts that make up local, state, and national regions.
the process of reallocating seats in the House of Representatives every 10 years on the basis of the results of the census.
forces that tend to unify a country- such as widespread commitment to a national culture, shared idealogical objectives, and a common faith
Forces that tend to divide a country-such as international religious, linguistic, ethnic, or ideological differences
bring together to parts of a country under one government (ex: Germany)
the process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central government
a region caught between stronger colliding external cultural-political forces, under persistent stress, and often fragmented by aggressive rivals (e.g., Israel or Kashmir today; Eastern Europe during the Cold War,...).
a foreign policy that defines the international interests of a country in terms of particular geographic areas
the study of the relationship between geography and politics
the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control
a political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eatern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region
Versailles Peace Conference
a conference held to sort things out after the war, held in France, The Treaty of Versailles was signed
Ethnic group of indo-European descent which includes Russians, Bulgarians, and Poles.
Halford J. Mackinder
British political geographer noted for his work as an educator and for his geopolitical conception of the globe as divided into two camps, the ascendant Eurasian "heartland" and the subordinate "maritime lands," including the other continents.
Hypothesis proposed by Halford MacKinder that held that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain enough strength to eventually dominate the world.
Politics and ecenomics collapsed the USSR b/c of the culture war
Law of the sea
Law establishing states rights and responsibilities concerning the ownership and use of the earth's seas and oceans and their resources.
Figural representations, either individual or symbolic, religious or secular; more broadly, the art of representation by pictures or images, which may or may not have a symbolic as well as an apparent or superficial meaning--- these symobols help unite people in the country
when 3 or more countries join to form a union for economical or military reasons
International organization of western european countries
claimed geography was the study of influences of the natural environment on people
the doctrine that nations should conduct their foreign affairs individualistically without the advice or involvement of other nations
League of nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
North American Free Trade Agreement; allows open trade with US, Mexico, and Canada
Association of caribbean states
An association to promote consultation, cooperation, and concerted action among all the countries of the Caribbean
Central American Common Market
trade pact among Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua, which began in the early 1960s but collapsed in 1969 due to war
supranationalism in South America; links Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia; hopes to achieve shared economic objectives through open markets
Southern Cone community market
South Americas Free trade agreement
Economic Community of West African States
The organization established in 1975 among the sixteen governments in West Africa. lts goals are to strengthen and broaden the economies in the region through the removal of trade barriers
Asia-Pacific Economic Council
The Asia-Pacific's free trade agreement
Commonwealth of independent states
an alliance made up of states that had been Soviet Socialist Republics in the Soviet Union prior to its dissolution in Dec 1991
English Rugby player?? i couldn't find this one..
A Golf competition? I couldn't find this one either..
A Jihad group from the middle-east.
The intentional use of bacteria viruses, and toxins to harm, people, animals, and plants.
Internet attacks against an enemy nation's technological infrastructure.
Terrorist cells that operate for long periods doing nothing to stand out from their social surroundings. They become active just before an operation.
Osama Bin Laden
Arab terrorist who established al-Qaeda (born in 1957). Planned attack of 9-11. Reportedly in afghanistan
Weapons that contain biological agents such as anthrax or plague bacteria.
A radiological weapon that combines radioactive material with conventional explosives.
The attacker dies in the process
Weapons of mass destruction
chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons that can kill large numbers of people
Majiis al shura
A legeslative body that advises the king on issues that are important to Saudi Arabia
a group of fundamentalist Muslims who took control of Afghanistan's government in 1996
a military force of Muslim guerilla warriors engaged in a jihad
Ayatollah Ruholiah Khomini
Religious leader and politician. Part of Iranian revolution
Central intelligence agency
an independent agency of the United States government responsible for collecting and coordinating intelligence and counterintelligence activities abroad in the national interest
Department of homeland security
US federal agency created in 2002 to coordinate national efforts against terrorism
a doctrine within Islam. Commonly translated as "Holy War," Jihad represents either a personal or collective struggle on the part of Muslims to live up the religious standards set by the Qu'ran.
Palestinian Liberation Organization
the PLO; terrorist group. political & military organization regarded as the sole representative of the Palestinian people; Political party and organization that fought for Palestinian rights
Terrorist organization for France and Spain
Irish Republican Army
a militant organization of Irish nationalists who used terrorism and guerilla warfare in an effort to drive British forces from Northern Ireland and achieve a united independent Ireland
A movement within Islam calling for a return to traditional ways and a rejection of alien ideologies that gained strength during the second half of the 20th century. Compare with Protestantism.
Khalid Shaikh Mohammed
In US custody in Guantanamo bay for alleged acts of terrorism
Office established in succession to the Prophet Muhammad, to rule the Islamic empire; also the name of that empire. (See also Abbasid Caliphate; Sokoto Caliphate; Umayyad Caliphate.) (p. 232)
the use of a nuclear device by a terrorist organization to cause massive devastation or the use (or threat of use) of fissionable radioactive materials
Weapons in which the explosive potential is controlled by nuclear fission or fusion.
Politico-religious terrorist groups
could not find.
Overtherew King of Libya and established the Lybian-Arab Republic
Soviets fear the spread of ___________________ will spread to the southern tier of the Soviet Republics inhabited by Muslims. They invade Afghanistan in 1979 to create a buffer against the spread of Islam fundamentalism. They quickly terrorize and occupy the cities.
a member of the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
Single-Issue terrorist groups
Single issue extremists often focus on issues that are important to all of us. However, they have no problem crossing the line between legal protest and change and illegal acts, to include even murder, to succeed in their goals. In many communities, law enforcement officials feel that these groups offer the greatest organized threat to the community.
an interrogation technique in which water is forced into a detainee's mouth and nose so as to induce the sensation of drowning
U.S. Patriot Act
Designed to increase federal powers to investigate terrorists. (Telephone taps, internet taps, voicemail, grand jury info, immigration, money laundering.)