Chapter 17 The Eye

94 terms by ksjrg18 

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blephar/o

eyelid

conjunctiva

mucous membrane covering the anterior surface of the eyeball

core/o

pupil of the eye

cornea

the outer wall of the eye

dacry/o

tears

dacryocyst/o

lacrimal sac

irid/o

iris

ocul/o

eye (oc)

ophthalm/o

eye (op)

opt/o

light

palpebra

eyelid

phak/o

lens (ko)

phac/o

lens (co)

retin/o

retina

scler/o

sclera

uve/o

middle layer of the eye containing muscles and blood vessels

-opia

a condition of the eye

optometry

examining eyes for impaired vision or disorder

optometrist

"measures" a patient's ability to see

ophthalmologist

Can prescribe corrective lenses

optician

Makes eye glasses according to a prescription from an opthalmologist or optometrist

fibrous tunic, vascular tunic, neural tunic

The three outer layers of the eyeball

fibrous tunic

connects the eye to muscles

cornea, sclera

What does the fibrous tunic contain?

uvea

The vascular tunic is also known as the?

iris, blood vessels

The vascular tunic contains what?

retina, nerves, photoreceptors

The neural tunic contains what?

rods, cones

Two types of photoreceptors

Cones

Receive photons traveling opposite to the direction one is looking

Rods

Receive photons that strike the eye from the side

cones

Photoreceptors that enable us to see in full color

ECCE

extracapsular cataract extraction

EOC

extraocular movement

ERG

electroretiongraphy

ICCE

intracapsular cataract extraction

IOP

intraocular pressure

OD

Right eye

OS

Left eye

OU

Both eyes

PVD

Posterior vitreous detachment

aphakia

without a lens

astigmatism

fuzzy vision caused by an irregular shape of the eyeball

blepharectomy

surgical removal of part or all of an eyelid

blepharitis

inflammation of the eyelid

blepharochalasis

relaxation of the eyelid

blepharoconjunctivitis

inflammation of the palpebral conjunctiva

blepharoplasty

surgery to correct a defective eyelid

blepharoplegia

paralysis of an eyelid

blepharospasm

involuntary contraction of the eyelid

blepharotomy

surgical incision of an eyelid

conjunctivitis

inflammation of the conjunctiva

conjunctivoplasty

surgery on the conjunctiva

coreoplasty

surgical repair of the pupil

dacryocele

lacrimal sac filled with fluid

dacryocystalgia

pain in the lacrimal sac

dacryocystotomy

incision into the lacrimal sac

dacryolith

a stone in the lacrimal duct

dacryorrhea

excessive secretion of tears

emmetropia

normal vision

hyperopia

farsightedness

iridocele

hernia of the iris

iridomalacia

softening of the iris

iritis

inflammation of the iris

lacrimation

synonym for dacryorrhea

lacrimotomy

synonym for dacryocystotomy

myopia

nearsightedness

oculodynia

pain in the eyeball

oculopathy

eye disease

ophthalmolith

synonym for dacryolith

ophthalmomalacia

softening of the eyeball

ophthalmoscope

device for examining the interior of the eyeball by looking through the pupil

ophthalmoscopy

examination of the eye with an ophthalmoscope

phacocele

hernia of the lens

phacolysis

operative removal of the lens in pieces

phacomalacia

softening of the lens

presbyopia

farsightedness resulting from loss of elasticity in the lens

retinectomy

surgical removal of part of the retina

retinitis

inflammation of the retina

retinopathy

disease of the retina

retinopexy

procedure to repair a detached retina

retinotomy

an incision through the retina

scleroiritis

inflammation of the sclera and iris

scleromalacia

softening of the sclera

uveitis

inflammation of the uvea

corneal

adjective for cornea

cornea

transparent shield of tissue forming the outer wall of the eyeball

extraocular

situated outside the eye

ocular

adjective referring to the eye

optic nerve

one of the cranial nerves emanating from the eye

amblyopia

condition of the eye that is not fully corrected by artifical lens

cataract

complete or partial opacity of the ocular lens

emmetropia

normal vision

glaucoma

disease of the eye characterized by increased intraocular pressure and atrophy of the optic nerve

strabismus

lack of parallelism in the visual axes; crossed eyes

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