repetition of initial consonant sounds
short account of an incident (especially a biographical one)
A brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life.
a technique by which a writer addresses an inanimate object, an idea, or a person who is either dead or absent.
cause and effect
a relationship in which change in one variable causes change in another
a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense)
specialized technical terminology characteristic of a particular subject
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
organization of essay
describes decisions by the writer about the presentation of ideas - cause & effect, problem solution, compare/contrast
a figure of speech in which exaggeration is used to create an effect
point of view
a mental position from which things are viewed
a figure of speech that makes a direct comparison between two unlike subjects using like or as
stream of consciousness
a literary genre that reveals a character's thoughts and feeling as they develop by means of a long soliloquy
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
an inoffensive expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
an emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language.
the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually happens
placing words, phrases, characters, etc. in close proximity for comparison or ironic effect
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
the juxtaposition of contrasting words or ideas to give a feeling of balance
the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')
a literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness, often with the intent of correcting, or changing, the subject of the attack.
a question asked for an effect, not actually requiring an answer
A literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent abstractions
The act or process of deriving a conclusion based solely on what one already knows.
The use of words that sound like what they mean, such as "hiss".
The repetition of similar grammatical or syntactical patterns
a composition that imitates somebody's style in a humorous way
the opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas. It comes from the Latin meaning "against the man."
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
A comparison that points out similarities between two dissimilar things.
the persuasive device by which a writer tries to sway the audience's attention and response to any given work.
appeal to authority
type of argument in logic in which an expert or knowledgeable other is cited for the purpose of strengthening the argument
appeal to pity
Seeking to persuade not by presenting evidence but by arousing pity
characteristic of ordinary conversation rather than formal speech or writing
refers to the implied or suggested meanings associated with a word beyond its dictionary definition
a bitter and prolonged verbal attack
a reference to an event, a person, or a place in history
A reference to a person, place, or thing from previous literature; The three most popular sources: Bible, Shakespeare, & mythology
Essays (and frequently other literary works) are written to persuade or set forth an argument, to explain or inform, to express feelings or convey emotions, or to entertain. Determining an author's intent or rhetorical purpose is essential to determining the meaning and/or the effect of an essay.
a deductive system of formal logic that presents two premises that inevitably lead to a sound conclusion. A=B, B=C, so A=C. "All men are mortal; Socrates is a man; therefore, Socrates is mortal."