World Civilization Vocab

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Appeasement

satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability

Aristocracy

an upper class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed on from one generation to another

Autonomous

self-governing

Caste System

a set of rigid social categories that determined not only a person's occupation and economic potential, but also his or her position in society

Concentration Camp

a camp where prisoners of war, political prisoners, or members of minority groups are confined, typically under harsh conditions

Conquistador

a Spanish conqueror of the Americas

Crusades

a series of military expeditions by Christian Europe to regain the Holy Land from the Muslims

Dictator

an absolute ruler

Disarmament

a limit or reduction in armed forces or weapons

Dissident

a person who speaks out against the regime in power

Divine Right of Kings

the idea that kings receive their power from God and are responsible only to God

Dynasty

a family line of rulers who's right to rule is passed on within the family

Feudalism

a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service

Hellenistic

pertaining to Greek language and culture

Heresy

thoughts and ideas that are contrary to the teachings of the Christian faith

Hieroglyphics

a sophisticated system of writing based on pictures

Magna Carta

a written code that limited the power of the English monarchy for the first time; also called the Great Charter

Middle Passage

the middle portion of the triangular trade that brought African slaves to the Americas

Nationalism

the unique cultural identity of a people based on common language, religion, and national symbols

Natural Rights

the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property

Nomad

people who move from place to place following animal migrations and vegetation cycles

Propaganda

ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause

Renaissance

a period in European history of the rebirth of learning based on the knowledge of ancient Roman and Greek learning; mainly in art, philosophy, invention, exploration and religious reform

Reparation

payment made to the victor by the vanquished to cover the costs of a war

Rural

of or relating to people who live in the country

Secular

a viewpoint void of religious thought or considerations

Social Contract

the idea that an entire society agrees to be governed by its general will

Socialism

a system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production

Totalitarian

a government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens

Urban

of or located in the city

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