Why is WW1 considered a Global War?
The support of colonies and countries from all over
Explain the M.A.I.N causes of WW1 and how they contributed to the start of the war.
- major nations of Europe had built up their militaries during the rush for colonies
- an arms race ensued pushing the armies and navies of European nations to enormous sizes
- the triple alliance (central powers) : Germany, Austria
- triple entente (alliances): Great Britain, France, and Russia
- race for colonies
- Existing alliances and prejudice caused hatred and a desire to defeat rival nations
- the great nations of europe had gained an inflated sense of the superiority of their nation to others
- many of the smaller ethnic groups that were controlled by the larger nations wanted their freedom from foreign control
Why is WW1 often called a total war? Give three specific examples to support claim.
Governments began to take a stronger role in directing the economic and cultural lives of their people.
1. Conscription -All warring nations except Britain
immediately imposed universal military drafts which required all young men to be ready for military or other service
2. Gov.'s raised taxes and borrowed huge amounts of money to pay the costs of war.
3. Gov.'s used military propaganda to motivate military mobilization
Three types of new technology that were used in WW1
1. Zeppelins - large gas-filled balloons, to bomb the English coast (from Germany)
2. U-boats - did tremendous damage to the Allied Side, sinking merchant ships carrying vital supplies to Britain (from Germany)
3. Convoys - groups of merchant ships carrying vital supplies to Britain.
Did the Paris Peace Conference effectively represent everyone? Why or why not?
No, Arabs were outraged by the European-controlled mandates set up at the Paris Peace Conference. Through the conference Allied forces had carved up the Ottoman lands, giving France mandates in Syria and Lebanon and British mandates in Palestine and Iraq.
Identify three major terms of the treaty of Versailles
1. France demanded that Germany take the blame for the war occurring
- Germany had to pay reparations to the Allied nations to pay for the cost of the war
2. Germany had to disarm
3. There would be formed a league of nations where countries could discuss their problems rather than go to war
What happened to the Ottoman Empire in the aftermath of WWI?
The Ottoman Empire broke apart and nations deemed unable to rule themselves
- put under influence or direct control of Britain and France
Two reasons why the Russians revolted against Czar Nicholas in the Russian Revolution.
1. Nicholas had failed to solve the Russian's basic political, economic, and social problems
2. A corrupt bureaucracy and an overburdened court system' added to the government's problems.
What type of rulers were Lenin and Stalin? Explain.
They were both harsh dictators
- Under Stalin communists set up a network of forced labor camps in 1919 which grew into the dread Gulag
- Lenin's communist party reigned supreme. They used the army and secret police to enforce its will. Russia dominated the other republics.