Stuff during this time
become more responsible, start deepening relationships with others.
important to encourage them with everything they do to build it
They grow 2-3inches and 5-7lbs/year by 9 or 10. Muscles start to develop and tone.
Gross and fine motor skills
expanding; start to learn cursive and typing.
More social, peer interactions, less anxious, happier. better diet effects overall health and attitude.
weight more than 20% above avg for height and weight.
obesity can trigger this.
Asthma, accidents from mobility (bicycle, car)
kids are vulnerable at this age, this can effect their health and well being.
Depression symptoms are different
fear, avoidant, persistently sad, guilt, not doing well in school.
worry about everything, irritable, muscle tension.
reason for anxiety
they feel stress
Brain dysfunction. Genetics and environmental factors. ADD/ADHD, dyslexia.
problem in the part of brain responsible for breaking words into sound elements that make up language.
3-5% school age population. Begins around 7. related to delay in neural development.
Boys are 3x more likely
Concrete operational stage
Piaget. Period of cognitive development between 7-12, characterized by the active and appropriate use of logic. Ex- knowing that change in amount of liquid is same even when switched to a smaller bottle.
taking into account more than 1 thing at a time.ability to take multiple aspects of a situation into account.
EX- knows that it's a cat wearing a dog mask, and not just a dog.
memory- remembering it and storing it
metamemory-understanding what memory is and the process of it.
understanding what memory is and the process of it.
Knowledge about the form and structure of language. an understanding of ones own use of language.
How language promotes self control
using self talk to help regulate own behavior. How hearing others choice of words/tone helps them recognize .
Language development mechanisms
syntax- how to speak (order of words and sentences)
pragmatics- how it's used (take turns, stay on topic)
teacher can make or break you in
learning to decode the meaning behind words.
reading, writing, arithmetic.
Reading stages 1-4
stage 1- grades 1 and 2- starts reading
stage 2- grades 3 and 4- reads aloud but doesnt mean much
stage 3- grades 4 to 8- uses reading for learning
stage 4- grades 8 and beyond- understanding in terms of reflecting multiple points of view
capacity to understand the world, think with rationality, and use resources effectively when faced with challenges
typical intelligence level found for people at a given chronological age
chronological or physical age
actual age of the child taking the intelligence test.
intelligence quotient/IQ score
measure of intelligence that takes into account a students mental and chronological age.
intelligence that reflects information processing capabilities, reasoning, and memory. Has to do with info processing.
accumulation of info, skills, and strategies that people have learned through experience and that they can apply in problem solving situations. "street smart'
disability characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior involving conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills. Inverted cone.
least restrictive environment
the setting that is most similar to that of children without special needs.
Practice of placing children with special needs in regular classroom settings, with the support of professionals who provide special education services
gifted and talented
children who show evidence of high performance capability in areas such as intellectual, creative, artistic, leadership capacity, or specific academic fields.
special programs that allow gifted students to move ahead at their own pace, even is this means skipping to higher grade levels.
approach through which students are kept at a grade level but are enrolled in special programs and given individual activities to allow greater depth of study on a given topic. - Move child who shows higher capacity to learn.