chapter 8 clinical terms related to the muscular system

Created by sportigirl_29 

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20 terms

contracture

condition of great resistance to the stretch of a muscle

convulsion

series of involuntary contractions of various voluntary muscles

electromyography

technique for recording electrical changes in muscle tissues

fibrillation

spontaneous contractions of individual muscle fibers, producing rapid and uncoordinated activity within a muscle

fibrosis

degenerative disease in which fibrous connective tissue replaces skeletal muscle tissue

fibrositis

inflammation of fibrous connective tissues, especially in the muscle fascia. This disease is also called muscular rheumatism

muscular dystrophies

group of inherited disorders in which deficiency of dystrophin or associated glycoproteins collapses muscle cells, leading to progressive loss of function

myalgia

pain from any muscular disease or disorder

myasthenia gravis

chronic disease in which muscles are weak and easily fatigued because of malfunctioning neuromuscular junctions

myokymia

persistent quivering of a muscle

myology

study of muscles

myoma

tumor composed of muscle tissue

myopathy

any muscular disease

myositis

inflammation of skeletal muscle tissue

myotomy

cutting of muscle tissue

myotonia

prolonged muscular spasm

paralysis

loss of ability to move a body part

paresis

partial or slight paralysis of muscles

shin splints

soreness of the front of the leg due to straining the anterior leg muscles, often a result of walking up and down hills

torticollis

condition in which the neck muscles, such as hte sternocleidomastoids, contract involuntarily. it is more commonly called wryneck.

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