How does Shakespeare make the common people appear to be less than noble?
Because he makes them joke and laugh at the powerful city tribunes.
What are the people doing that angers Marullus and Flavius? Why does this anger them?
Decorating Caesar's statues and partying in the streets.
What actions do Marullus and Flavius take to correct the situation?
They chastise the people and begin removing the decorations from Caesar's statues.
Why does Caesar want Calphurnia to stand in Anthony's path during the race in honor of the feast of Lupercal?
So that she might get touched by Antony and become fertile.
What is Anthony's response to Caesar's instructions? What does this suggest about their relationship?
Absolutely! Whatever Caesar says is done!
What complaint does Cassius make about Brutus's behavior towards him?
How does Brutus answer this complaint? He accuses Brutus of being unfriendly toward him lately. Brutus says that it's not Cassius' fault. He's had a lot on his mind.
Cassius's story attacks what aspect of Caesars' makeup? What is this attack supposed to say to Brutus?
Caesar's physical strength. It is supposed to show Brutus that he could be king instead of Caesar because he (apparently) lacks these physical deficiencies.
What does Cassius mean by the following statement? " Brutus will start a spirit as soon as Caesar."
Brutus, you are just as good as Caesar is.
How does Brutus respond to Cassius's attack?
He says that he understands what Cassius is saying, but he doesn't want to commit to a decision yet.
What astute observation does Caesar make of Cassius?
"He has a lean and hungry look; he thinks too much. Such men are dangerous."
What does Caesar mean by the following statement? "I rather tell thee what is to be feared/than what I fear; for always I am Caesar
Caesar is denying the fear that is actually within him as he makes that statement. He doesn't want to acknowledge any weakness to Antony.
What does this statement show about Caesar's nature?
He is arrogant to the point of being in a state of denial.
What story does Casca relate to Brutus and Cassius? What does Casca tell us by the personal remarks he adds to the story?
He tells of how Caesar denied the crown three times and the people cheered. He also says that the crowd cheered because they don't want a king. He also relates how Caesar fell down with a seizure and Cicero told a joke in Greek. Caesar was not happy.
How did the people react to Caesar's' fit? What does this tell us about their feelings for Caesar?
They felt bad for him. They love Caesar, but they don't want a king.
What information does Casca give about Marullus and Flavius?
They have been "silenced" for removing decorations from Caesar's statues.
At the end of the scene, what plans does Cassius make to sway Brutus to his cause?
He will write letters to Brutus in different handwritings that will make Brutus think that many Romans want him to act against Caesar.
What reason does Cassius give for the terrible storm?
Caesar has grown too powerful. He's like the storm.
What important news does Casca give Cassius about the Senate's plan?
The senators will make Caesar king on March 15, 44 B.C. (tomorrow)
What does Cassius mean by the following statement? "He were no lion, were not Romans hinds."
It's our own fault for letting Caesar get so powerful. He grabbed the power that we didn't.
What instruction does Casca give Cinna that that will help sway Brutus to their cause?
Throw these letters through Brutus' windows and set them in his seat at the Senate.
What reason does Casca give for wanting Brutus to join their cause?
Romans love Brutus, so he will make our cause look just and good.
What question is Brutus pondering at the opening of the scene?
Whether the power of being king will corrupt Caesar or not. If he gains that much power, he might turn into an evil ruler, even though Brutus has never seen Caesar act like that before.
For what information does Brutus want Lucius to look at a calendar? What is the significance of what Lucius finds?
This is the day where Brutus HAS to make a decision. After today, it will be too late.
Why does Brutus reject Cicero? What is Cassius's reaction and what does this show about his and Brutus's relationship?
Cicero is only a leader. He will not join the conspiracy as a follower of Brutus. Cassius agrees, and it shows that Brutus is the leader of the group because Cassius had wanted Cicero to join them.
How does Decius say he will make sure that he will make sure that Caesar will come to the Capitol?
By flattering Caesar into going to the Capitol. (He'll talk Caesar into it because he knows Caesar likes him.)
What has Portia done to show Brutus that she is worthy of knowing his secret?
Stabbed herself in the thigh and begged for the information bothering him.
What Strange and horrible things does Calphurnia report to Caesar that have been seen that night?
What does Calphurnia mean by the following statement? "When beggars die, there are no comets seen;/ The heavens themselves blaze forth the death of princes."
She means that Julius Caesar is important, and important sights are seen in the heavens before the death of important men.
How does Decius convince Caesar to go to the Capitol?
By reinterpreting Calpurnia's dream to mean something positive for Caesar/Rome.
What is Artemidorus's Plan?
To warn Caesar via personal letter about the conspirators' plans to assassinate Caesar.
Why is Portia so nervous and upset? On what errand does she send Lucius?
No one will tell her what is going on. She sends Lucius to the Capitol to find out what's going on
In regard to Artemidorus's request, how does Caesars' nobility doom him?
He decides to put his personal business last (Artemidorus' letter) and Rome's business (Decius' request) first. This decision kills him.
What is Metellus Cimber's petition to Caesars? What is Caesars' response and why does he give this response?
Please let Publius (my brother) come back to Rome. "No, I never change my mind because I'm always right."
What does Brutus instruct the conspirators to do before they go before the public? Why does he instruct them to do this?
Bathe their hands and swords in Caesar's blood. To show that they are not ashamed of killing Caesar.
What request does Anthony's servant bring to Brutus? What is Brutus's response?
Antony would like to speak with you if you promise his safety. "Sure, let him come. He'll be safe on my word of honor."
Why does Cassius object to letting Anthony speak at Caesars funeral? What reassurance does Brutus give him?
Antony might persuade the crowd against the conspirators. Brutus tells Cassius that Brutus will speak first and that Antony will have to swear not to say anything bad about the conspirators.
What promise does Anthony give Brutus about his funeral speech?
He won't say anything bad about the conspirators. He'll tell the Romans that he speaks with the conspirators' permission. He'll speak after Brutus.
After being left alone with Caesar's body, what does Anthony promise to do?
Speak in such a way that Rome goes crazy, mothers are glad that their children are slaughtered, and "let loose the dogs of war" on Rome.
What reason does Brutus give for murdering Caesar? What is the crowd's reaction?
Because Caesar was too ambitious and would have turned the Romans into slaves. They love Brutus. They want Brutus to become king.
What final mistake does Brutus make in letting Anthony speak?
He leaves before Antony speaks, so Antony has no one to hold him accountable and can say whatever he wishes to say.
Why does Anthony read Caesar's will to the people?
To make them angry and love Caesar/hate the conspirators (if it really was the will of Julius Caesar)
At the end of the scene, what are the fates of Brutus and Cassius?
They run from the city because the angry mob wants to kill them for killing so great a man as Julius Caesar.
What is the significance of this scene
It shows that angry mobs will kill anyone indiscriminately. Cinna the poet did not deserve to die, but the mob refused to listen to any kind of reason or explanations.
What are Anthony, Octavius, and Lepidus doing at the beginning of the Scene?
Making out proscription lists of their enemies that they want to kill in order to solidify their positions of power.
Why do they want Caesars will? What is ironic about this?
To reduce the money that Caesar left to the people. Because Antony used that money as a reason the people should turn against the conspirators, and now he wants to take that money away from them.
What is Anthony's Plan for Lepidus? What is his reason?
He wants to keep Lepidus around in case anyone gets angry about the proscription lists. If they do, Antony and Octavius will blame it all on Lepidus and let him be the scapegoat for it.
What does Brutus tell Lucilius about dying love?
It makes friends into acquaintances. It is felt between himself and Cassius.
What practical instruction does Brutus give Cassius about their disagreement? What is unusual about this?
Let's not argue in front of our soldiers- it might start a battle between them. Brutus usually does things out in the open, but not this time.
What wrong Does Cassius say Brutus has done him?
He accuses Brutus of nitpicking and criticizing Cassius in public for accepting bribes.
In response, what does Brutus condemn Cassius for doing?
Accepting bribes and denying money when Brutus asked for it
What does Cassius threaten to do if Brutus continues to "urge" him?
Forget himself and do something rash.
According to Brutus, how has Cassius wronged him? What is ironic about Brutus's Accusation?
Brutus wants the money that he criticized Cassius for accepting in bribes. Brutus is having to "stoop" and ignore his morals to survive.
To prove that he has been wronged, what does Cassius tell Brutus to do to him?
Kill him. Carve out his heart.
What is the real reason for Brutus's ill temper?
Give all of the Details Portia killed herself by swallowing hot coals.
Messala brings what ill news of the triumvirate's actions in Rome?
Ant/Oct/Lep killed many senators (incl. Cicero)
What reason does Brutus give for going directly to Philippi? Who prevails?
Attack them before their armies get larger.
What happens to make Brutus speed up his plan to go to Philippi?
He sees the ghost of Julius Caesar.
What hope of Octavius and Anthony is answered? What does this say about Brutus?
Brutus and Cassius are attacking. Brutus won the argument, and he is trying to scare Antony and Octavius from the battlefield.
What does Cassius mean by the following statement?
"Flatterers! Now Brutus thank yourself;/This tongue had not offered so today,/If Cassius might have ruled."
I told you so.
What ominous sign has Cassius seen that causes him to fear the coming battle?
There were eagles with them at first, but now there are only vultures, ravens, and buzzards.
What does Brutus say he will do if they lose the battle? Why is he reluctant to do this?
Anything to avoid being captured. He says he won't commit suicide, but he won't allow himself to be captured either.
What horrible mistake does Cassius make? What is the outcome of this mistake?
He listens to bad information from Pindarus about Titinius. Pindarus tells him that Titinius is being captured, but Titinius is actually being cheered by their own troops, not the enemy's. We don't know whether Pindarus gave bad information intentionally or not. Maybe he was just relating what he thought he was seeing.
What is Brutus's response to Cassius and Titinius's actions?
"I wish they wouldn't have done that. They were good Romans. Move their bodies away from the field. It's bad for morale."
What role does Lucilius take upon himself? What was Anthony's response to his masquerade
He pretends to be Brutus when he is captured so that Brutus will have more time to escape. Antony appreciates his efforts and wants Lucilius to be treated well. He wants to have Lucilius on his side in the future.
What request does Brutus make of Clitus? What is his response?
Brutus asks Clitus to kill him. Clitus refuses, as does Dardanius.
What does Brutus ask Volumnius to do? What reason does he give? What is Volumnius's response?
Brutus asks Volumnius to kill him because they have been buddies since school. Volumnius refuses.
What does Strato do for Brutus? What does Strato ask Brutus to do first? Why?
Strato holds the sword for Brutus while Brutus runs into it, but Strato asks Brutus to shake his hand first, which Brutus did.
What overture of peace does Octavius make to Brutus's men?
He asks them to come be a part of the new Rome with Octavius and Antony in control. He wants the men to join in the new efforts to reunify and strengthen Rome.
How do Anthony and Octavius honor Brutus?
Antony calls Brutus "the noblest Roman of them all" and says that Brutus is the only one of the conspirators to kill Caesar because he thought it was best for Rome- the others did it for personal reasons. They will give Brutus the full honorable burial ceremony as needed for a noble Roman senator.