Maternal Newborn Nursing: Newborn Measurements and Vital Signs

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Newborn measurements: Nursing terms and measurement conversions, vital signs

Newborn weight range (grams)

2500-4000 grams

Newborn weight range (lbs)

5.5 - 8 lbs 13 oz

2500-4000 grams

Newborn weight range (grams)

5.5 - 8 lbs 13 oz

Newborn weight range (lbs)

Newborn length range (cm)

46-56 cm

Newborn length range (inches)

18-22 inches

46-56 cm

Newborn length range (cm)

18-22 inches

Newborn length range (inches)

Newborn head circumference (cm)

32-37 cm

Newborn head circumference (inches)

12.5-14.5 inches

32-37 cm

Newborn head circumference (cm)

12.5-14.5 inches

Newborn head circumference (inches)

Newborn chest circumference (cm)

30-35 cm

Newborn chest circumference (inches)

12-14 inches

30-35 cm

Newborn chest circumference (cm)

12-14 inches

Newborn chest circumference (inches)

Average chest circumference cm (in)

32 cm (12.5 in)

Newborn respiratory rate

30 to 60/min

30 to 60/min

Newborn respiratory rate

Newborn heart rate

100-160 bpm

100-160 bpm

Newborn heart rate

Newborn blood pressure (systolic)

60-80mm Hg

60-80mm Hg

Newborn blood pressure (systolic)

Newborn blood pressure (diastolic)

40-50mm Hg

40-50mm Hg

Newborn blood pressure (diastolic)

Newborn temperature (axillary)

97.7-98.9 degrees f

97.7-98.9 degrees f

Newborn temperature (axillary)

1 kg = ___ lbs ?

2.2

___kg = 1 lbs ?

.45

1 cm = ___ inches ?

.39

1 inch = ____ cm

2.54

3405 grams , 7 lb 8 oz

Average newborn weight (g,lb oz)

198g , 7 oz

growth per week for the first 6 months

5%-10%, 15%

physiological weight loss for term, and preterm newborns

50 cm , 20 inches

Average newborn length (cm, inches)

2.5cm , 1 inch

Average length growth per month for the first 6 months

Cephalhematoma

a collection of blood resulting from ruptured blood vessels between the surface of a cranial bone (usually parietal) and the periosteal membrane. Common in vertex births, may disappear w/in 2 to 3 weeks. Does not corss suture lines.

Caput succedaneum

is a localized, easily identifiable, soft area of the scalp, generally resulting from a long and difficult labor or vacuum extraction. Extra fluid should be reabsorbed within 12 hours after birth. Crosses suture lines.

2 cm

Head circumference should be _____ larger than chest circumference.

3-4 cm long x 2-3 cm wide , diamond shaped

Anterior fontanelle

1-2 cm at birth, triangle shaped

Posterior fontanelle

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