the feeling that what a worker is doing is meaningless, that there is no relationship between what they do and a meaningful end product
a depletion of a person's energy and motivation
* most common in helping professions (teaching, health care, social work)
job satisfaction tends to increase with age
what happens to job satisfaction as age increases?
are middle aged-workers more satisfied with extrinsic or intrinsic rewards?
conflicts between different life roles (i.e. worker, parent, etc.)
example: does your work allow you to take time off to take care of your sick kid?
- found to predict low job satisfaction, thoughts of quitting
- particularly salient in women
how often are you absent from your job
are you thinking about quitting your job
withdrawal expected utility
do you think you could find a better job? or would you be unemployed?
are you in the process of looking for another job while at work?
are there better options for jobs out there? or is there little better than your current circumstance
quitting your job
found to influence if people stay at their job, how they go about quitting
identity vs. role confusion
intimacy vs. isolation
generativity vs. stagnation
begins to decline
fluid intelligence in adulthood
remains stable, maybe even improves
crystallized intelligence in adulthood
King and Kitchener on cognitive development in adulthood. the ability to consider situational factors and emotions in judging real-world dilemmas
adolescents ten to either (a) look for the right or wrong answer [think in black and white] or (b) think no knowledge is really possible [there is no right answer]
adults come to understand that people (ideally) base their knowledge on evidence and argument after careful analysis of the problem or situation (but new evidence may lead to change in beliefs)
- particularly founded in emotion
an organized set of skills and knowledge in a particular area acquired through extensive experience in a particular domain
- related to crystallized skill - can compensate for declines in fluid intelligence, speed of processing, etc
high cognitive complexity
involve initiative, decision-making, problem-solving, analysis and application of technical knowledge
lead to gains in intellectual functioning in adulthood. less decline in fluid intelligence
low cognitive complexity
routine, similar tasks everyday, few opportunities for self-direction
leads to a decline in intelligence
from Baltes SOC theory. making choices to reduce involvement in order to concentrate on another
from Baltes SOC theory. reducing involvement because of a lack of resources or abilities.
from Baltes SOC theory. finding alternate ways of meeting goals due to loss of ability or diminished skills
influence career choice. what rewards do you seek from a job?
influence career choice. SES influences career opportunities and role models
influence career choice. gender schemas
the fact that women show lower representation in nontraditional occupations, including but not limited to math
1 stage of Super's Occupational Development theory. appears in late adolescence. first involvement in work space
2 stage of Super's Occupational Development theory. building skills, experience in chosen career
3 stage of Super's Occupational Development theory. improve skills, shift focus to family, community
4 stage of Super's Occupational Development theory.
5 stage of Super's Occupational Development theory.
older, more experienced worker who takes special interest in a new worker and works to foster their success
- explain the 'unwritten rules'