Respiratory System #2

Created by sanchopanz 

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not an eff up

root, apex, bridge, nostrils

What is the external anatomy of the nose?

airway for respiration and moistens and warms air

What are the first two functions of the nose?

filters air and clenses it of foreign matter

What is the last function of the nose?

olfactory receptors and resonating chamber for speech

What is the second two functions of the nose?

posterior to external nose

Where is the nasal cavity?

conchae, olfactory mucosa, repiratory mucosa, nasal septum, external nares, vestibule, vibrissae

What are the 7 components of the anatomy of the nose?

openings for air to enter or leave

Define external nares.

divides nasal cavity into right and left halves. formed by nasal cartilages and vomer bone

Define nasal septum.

just above the nostrils; lined with skin, sebaceous glands, and hair follicles

Define vestibule.

hair; filters air

Define vibrissae.

contains receptors for smell

Define olfactory mucosa.

pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium; mucus traps dust bacteria and debris

Define respiratory mucosa.

mucus covered projections; increases surface area

Define conchae.

surround the nose; frontal, sphenoid, ethmoid, maxillary bones

Where are the paranasal sinuses located?

lighten the skull, warm and moistens air, produce, sound resonation, buffer area

What are the five functions of the paranasal sinuses?

connects nasal cavity to the larynx and esophagus; throat

Define Pharynx

pahtway for food and air

What is the function of the pharynx?

posterior to the nasal cavity

Where is the nasopharynx?

air passageway only

What is the function of the nasopharnx?

wall which trap and destroy pathogen entering in the air

Define pharyngeal tonsils, Adenoids.

drain middle ear cavities and allow pressure to equalize with amospheric pressure

Define auditory tubes.

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