← Chapter 22 Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Endangered Species Act of 1973
- early successional plant species
- late successional plant species
- midsuccessional plant species
- a All free, undomesticated species. Sometimes the term is used to describe only free, undomesticated animal species.
- b Grasses and low shrubs that are less hardy than early successional plant species.
- c Plant species found in the early stages of succession that (1) grow close to the ground, (2) can establish large populations quickly under harsh conditions, and (3) have short lives.
- d Mostly trees that can tolerate shade and form a fairly stable complex forest community.
- e requires the federal government to protect actively each of the hundreds of species listed as endangered-regardless of the economic effect on the surrounding towns or region.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Species that (1) has naturally small numbers of individuals, often because of limited geographic ranges or low population densities, or (2) has been locally depleted by human activities.
- Occurs when a species disappears from a part of its range but persists elsewhere.
- Wild species that is still abundant in its natural range but likely to become endangered because of a decline in numbers.
- Species that is found in only one area. Such species are especially vulnerable to extinction.
- So few members remain that the species cannot maintain its ecological role, or members only survive in captivity.
5 True/False Questions
wildlife resources → Wildlife species that have actual or potential economic value to people.
game species → Type of wild animal that people hunt or fish for, for sport and recreation and sometimes for food.
wildlife management → Wildlife species that have actual or potential economic value to people.
species approach → Goal: to protect populations of species in their natural habitats.
Strategy: preserve sufficient areas of habitats in different biomes and aquatic systems.
Tactics: protecting habitat areas through private purchase or government action; eliminating or reducing populations of nonnative species from protected areas; managing protected areas to sustain native species; and restoring degraded ecosystems.
minimum viable population (MVP) → Minimum area of suitable habitat needed to maintain the minimum viable population. See minimum viable population.