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Chapters 5-8

Cardiovascular

pertaining to the heart and blood vessels

Circulatory

blood transportation and delivery system

Ventricle

chambers of the heart

Valve

a flap to insure one-way flow

Lumen

The inside of the a hollow organ (e.g., the somach, intestines, bladder, etc.) or a tube (e.g., blood vessels, ureters, etc.)

Artery

a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart

Vasodialation

a blood vessel becomes larger in diameter

Vasoconstriction

Constriction of blood vessel that causes it to become smaller.

Carotid

artery supplies blood to the neck and head

Axillary

Pertaining to the armpit or underarm.

Brachial

Artery to the upper arm.

Radial

thumb side of the wrist

Popliteal

area behind the knee

Systemic

of or pertaining to the entire body;

Diastolic

the blood pressure when the hearts venticles are relaxing

-ac

pertaining to

-al

Pertaining To

-ar

pertaining to

-ary

pertaining to

-ic

Pertaining To

-ory

having the function of

Hemorrhage

Excessive bleeding

Septicemia

Blood poisoning

Morphology

the study of shape

anemia

lack of red blood cells

aplastic

loss of functioning red bone marrow

thalassemia

an inherited form of anemia

transfusion

infusion of blood or blood components into the bloodstream

hemolysis

destruction of red blood cells

Hemolytic

destroying worn-out red blood cells and releasing their hemoglobin for reuse

immunodeficiency

immune system is inadequate and resistance to infectious diseases is reduced

immunocomprised

immune system becomes impaired

leukemia

increase in cancerous white blood cells

cancer

a malignant tumor;
in which the cells begin dividing at an uncontrolled rate and become invasive

myeloma

a tumor of the bone marrow

thrombosis

abnormal clotting

embolism

n. An obstruction an artery or blood-vessel.

hemophilia

inherited bleeding disorder

petechiae

small pinpoint hemorrhages

ecchymoses

bruising

aspiration

SUCTION

immunization

antigen to resist or overcome infection.

plasmapheresis

removal of plasma

anticoagulant

Blood thinner;
prevents blood clotting

HCT

Hematrocrit

H&H

hemoglobin and hematocrit

HGB

hemoglobin

Necrotic

the death of tissue;
or organ caused by disease or injury.

gangrene

Bacterial Decay;
death of tissue caused by loss of blood supply followed by bacteria invasion

pallor

Pale;
an extreme or unnatural paleness

Abrasion

Scrape;
or surface damage, stratum basale cells migrate, mitosis

Blister

skin filled with serous fluid

bulla

Larger blister

Anesthsia

Without feeling

eschar

a dry scab;
formed on the skin following a burn or cauterization of the skin

Callus

thick or hard skin from continual pressure or friction (as the sole of the foot)

keloid

raised scar

decubitus

Pressure sore; bed sore

ulcer

sore place appearing on the skin;
inside or outside the body; Ex. stomach ulcer; ADJ. ulcerous; V. ulcerate

excoriation

a scratch mark

laceration

a cut, a rip

abcess

Pus pocket;
Localized collection of pus

furuncle

boil;
a painful nodule formed in the skin by inflammation originating in a hair follicle; caused by staphylococcosis

carbuncle

Larger boil;
an infection larger than a boil and with several openings for discharge of pus

Cellulitis

Inflammation of cells

herpes

Viral Skin infection;
inflammatory skin disease caused by herpes virus characterized by small blisters in clusters

shingles

caused by the same virus as chicken pox;
viral infection of sensory neurons serving the skin; scaly, painful blisters

tinea

infection of the skin caused by a fungus

pediculosis

lice

Dermatitis

Inflammation of the skin;
contact dermatitis, caused by contact with an irritant

uticaria

hives;
vascular reaction of the skin marked by transient appearance of wheals

wheal

a raised mark on the skin; hive

benign

noncancerous;
not harmful; a description of a tumor that is not able to spread from one area to another

malignancy

cancerous growth.being evil and mean, harmful

melanoma

skin tumor;
black tumor

debridement

removal of dead tissue;
from a wound or burn site to promote healing and prevent infection

exudate

pus or secretion of pus

incision

the cutting into body tissues or organs;

I/D

Incision and drainage

autograft

tissue that is taken from one site on the same person

allograft

skin graft from another person or cadaver

xenograft

skin graft taken from another species (usually a pig) to a human

kyphosis

exaggerated posterior curvature of the thoracic spine (hunchback)

lordosis

swayback

scoliosis

abnormal lateral curvature of the spine (S-shaped curve)

degenerative

disease caused by progressive destruction;
of cells due to disease or the aging process.

sprain

a painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments

arthritis

inflammation of a joint

traction

a pull to the arm or leg muscles to bring a bone back into place when it is dislocated or fractured

ORIF

open reduction and internal fixation

ROM

Range of motion

BKA

Below the knee amputation

Closed fracture

broken bone with no open wound

open fracture

bone fracture associated with lacerated soft tissue or an open wound

nondisplaced fracture

Fracture where bone ends retain their normal position

displaced fracture

fracture in which the two ends of the broken bone are separated from one another

colles' fracture

Broken bone occurring in the wrist at the lower end of the radius.

comminuted fracture

fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed

compression fracture

bone is compressed; often occurs in vertebrae

depressed fracture

fracture of the skull where the bone is pushed in

greenstick fracture

partial fracture - will bend on one side and break on the other

hairline fracture

very thin break line w/ the bone pieces still together

oblique fracture

fracture at an angle to the bone

spiral fracture

Bone twists, resulting in one or more breaks.

transverse fracture

occurs straight across the bone

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