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Testes

-Make sperm and teresterome
-the sperm is made inside the semeniferous tubules
-the testes rest in the scrotum

Testosterone

- the major sex hormone of males

Penis

-the male organ that removes urine
-delivers sperm to the female
-made of soft tissues and blood vessels

Ejaculation

- When sperm are released from the penis

Urethera

-A tube that starts at the bladder and ends at the opening of the penis
-where urine passes thru

Epididymus

-from testes sperm go here
-it is a tightly coiled tube where sperm mature and are stored
-then they go to the vas deferens

Vas Deferens

-Long tube
-as they trael through here, they mix with a fluid and become semen

Seminal vesicle

- Found near the base of the urinary bladder
-they produce nourishment for the sperm and help them move

Prostate gland

-encircles the uethra near the bladder
-secretes a thin, milky fluid that protects the sperm from acid in the female

Bulbourethral Glands

-found below the prostate
-secretes a fluid that protects the sperm from acid in the male

Ovaries

-female orga that produces eggs and the hormones, estrogen and progesterone

Vagina

-connects the outside of the body to the uterus
-recieves te sperm
-allows menstrual flow to leave the body

Urethra

-carries the urine

Fallopian tubes

-from te ovaries, the egg travels to the fallopian tubes
-they transport them to the uterus

Uterus

-a place to support a developing human
- meets the vagina at the lower end called the cervix

Ovulation

-the release of an egg from a follicle in an ovary

Pap smear

-examines teh cells of te cervix
-importnt for preventing cervicle cancer

Fertilization

-from the vagina, sperm travel thru the uterus and falopian tubes where fertilization occurs
-one sperm penetrates the egg and they join to form a zygote

Zygote

-zygote travels down the fallopian tube towards teh uterus
-takes about 3-5 days
As the zygote moves down the tube, the cell divides into 2, and then into 4..ect

Embryo

-first 8 weeks and embryo stage
- the embryo travels from the fallopian tube to the uterus

Placenta

- ablood vessel rich organ that forms in a mother's uterus and that provides nutrients and oxygen and removes waste

First trimester

-first three months
-heart starts beating
leg and arm buds
-eyes and brain begin to develop
-surrounding the embryo is a membrane called amnion
-the embryo is connected to the placenta by the umbillical cord

Fetus

- starts developing in 9th week

second trimester

-months 4-6
-sarts kicking
-distinctly male or female
-hair, head, facial features
-fingers and toes grow nails

Third trimester

-months 7-9
-when fetus gains most of its wait
-

Dialation

-first stage of child birth
-the uterus contracts which causes the cervix to open up
-"water breaks"
-ends when cervix is opened 10 cm

Expulsion

-second stage
-the head emerges fullyand the shoulders rotate
-an episotomy may be done (cutting the vagina for more room)
- ends with the delivery of teh baby

Placental

- the third
-uterus expels teh placenta

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