A. Mitchell Palmer
Attorney General who rounded up many suspects who were thought to be un-American and socialistic; he helped to increase the Red Scare; he was nicknamed the "Fighting Quaker" until a bomb destroyed his home; he then had a nervous breakdown and became known as the "Quaking Fighter."
United States gangster who terrorized Chicago during Prohibition until arrested for tax evasion (1899-1947)
He was a philosopher who believed in "learning by doing" which formed the foundation of progressive education. He believed that the teachers' goal should be "education for life and that the workbench is just as important as the blackboard."
John T. Scopes
Agreed to challenge the law banning the teaching of evolution in public schools. Believed that it was denying his right to personal and religious freedom
William J. Bryan (in relation to Scopes trial)
former presidential candidate, ardent Presbyterian fundamentalist, joined prosecution -- took stand as expert on Bible (died of stroke 5 days later)
Chicago trial lawyer, defended John Scopes in the 1925 Scopes Monkey Trial
Red Scare of 1919
Fear and panic by the Americans over communism that was spurred by Bolshevik Revolution in Russia 1919-1920
Convicted 1921 of murder of Mass. Jury and judge prejudiced because defendants were Italian, atheists, anarchist. Were found guilty because of red scare.
Emergency Quota Act
Immigration quota limited annual number of immigrants who could be admitted from country to 3% of the number of persons from that country living in the United States in 1910 [favorable to southern & eastern Europeans because 1910 #s were high]
Immigration Act 1924
Cut quotas for foreigners from 3 % to 2% of the total number of immigrants in 1890; purpose was to freeze America's existing racial composition (which was largely Northern European; Southern Europeans angry) --prevented Japanese from immigrating, causing outrage in Japan
passed by Congress which enforced the 18th Ammendment (prohibition)
old-time religionists believed teaching of evolution was destroying faith in God and Bible
A 1925 court case argued by Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan in which the issue of teaching evolution (John T. Scopes did) in public schools was debated; Scopes found guilty -- fundamentalists were ridiculed, but still strong
Took a step away from fundamentalists and claimed that the Bible was a collection of moral stories rather than completely factual
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean; did much to dramatize and popularize flying, gave strong boost to infant aviation industry
Organized a birth-control movement which openly championed the use of contraceptives in the 1920's.
Viennese physician argued that sexual repression was responsible for a variety of nervous and emotional ills; health demanded sexual gratification
Young author; published the monthly American Mercury; assailed marriage, patriotism, democracy, prohibition, Rotarians, and the middle class Americans; dismissed the South and attacked the Puritans
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Wrote This Side of Paradise (1920) and The Great Gatsby (1925),
"The Sun Also Rises" (1926) (about American expatriates in Europe) and "A Farewell to Arms." (1929)
Secretary of treasury 1921-33, beleived that the depression should run its course and that natural market forces would restore to full employment [see end of chapter]
Chief chronicler of Midwestern life. He was a master of satire and wrote "Main Street" (1920). "Babbit" (1922) which describes a materialistic middle-class American businessman.
founder of advertising, published "The Man Nobody Knows"- an idea that Jesus was the greatest adman of all time.
1926 wrote a bitter war novel called "Soldier's Pay". He also wrote many other powerful books about the lives of Southerners during the Civil War.
Ford company owner famous for his Model T. He developed the assembly line, which quickened production in factories, provided organizational talent
Frederick W. Taylor
an engineer, an inventor, and a tennis player. He sought to eliminate wasted motion. Famous for scientific-management especially time-management studies.
A famous fundamentalist preacher in the 1920s.
Aimme S. McPherson
Hiram Wesley Evans
A KKK leader after William J. Simmons that helped revive the KKK and make it about more than just hating African Americans
George H. Ruth
- a "home-run hero" who played for the Yankees
- was more famous than the most famous statesman
- part of the sports "industry"
This man was well known for making the Harlem Renaissance famous because of his poems.
African American leader during the 1920s who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Was deported to Jamaica in 1927.
Young women in the 1920s who challenged social traditions with their dress and behavior
The Jazz Singer
1927 - The first movie with sound; this "talkie" was about the life of famous jazz singer; Al Jolson.
Period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
Universal Negro Improvement Association started by Marcus Garvey.
First commercial broadcasting radio station
Production method that breaks down a complex job into a series of smaller tasks; Henry Ford
Caused by an increase in purchasing power, this allowed for customers to spend more money on goods.