Procedure occurs when a reinf. Of a previously reinf. Bx is discontinued.
Ready made bx---> blinking
Response is brought out by the stimulus that precedes the bx
Eliciting stimulus is repeated over and over a short period of time. The Strength/magnitude will demish
Is any bx whose future frequency is determined primarily by it's history of consequences.
The process & selective effects of consequence on bx . Consist of an increase response frequency reinforcement has taken place & consequence responsible would be a reinforcer
Antecedent & consequence representing those in the persons natural environment are arranged so that their separate effects on the bx can be observed and measured.
Contingency shaped bx
Bx required via reinforcement/punishment contingencies
The rate of responding typically is proportional to the rate of r+ from each choice alternative
Is correlated with some availability of response (class of response) and establishes a history of responding under that occurrances
instances of a response class can occue repeatly through time
Every instance of bx occurs during some amount of time
every instance of bx occurs at a certain point in time w/ respect to other events
%, trials to criterion
alteres the effectivness of some stimulus/object/event as a reinforcer
alters the current frequency of bx that has been reinforced by that stimulus/object or event.
Changing Criterion Design
An experimental Design in which an initial baseline phase is followed by a series of treatment phases consisting of successive and gradually changing criteria for reinforcement or punishment. Experimental control is evidenced by the extent the level of responding changes to conform to each new criterion.
schedule of reinforcement requires the completion of a # of responses to produce reinforcement.
schedule of reinforcement requires the completion of a variable # of responses
schedule of reinforcement provides reinforcement for the 1st response following a fixed duration of time.
schedule of reinforcement that provides reinforcement for the first correct response following the elapse of variable duration of time
Altering Treatment Design
rapis alteration of 2+ distinct treatments while their effects on the target bx are measured
A stimulus is a change in the enviroment that can effect behavior.
e is a stimulus that follows a behavior in time
is a stimulus that precedes a behavior in time
is defined functionally, including the operation and the effect on the behavior
Postivie reinforcement, a stimulus is presented after a response and as a result the future frequency of the response class increses
Negative R- stimulus is removed after a response and as the result the future frequency of that response increses.
is an instance of behavior
The philosophy of b.a., based on a scientific approach to the examination of behavior,advancing that all bx is a fx of the interactions ontogenic and phylogenic variables rather then controlled by mind, will, and self. Behavioral processess are functionally defined.
Dimensions of ABA
Applied, behavioral, analytic,technological, conceptually systematic, effective and general