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Rhyme

the repetition of sounds at the ends of words

rhythm

the beat created by the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

example of rhythm

The cat sat on the mat.

repetition

the use of any element of language --a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence --more than once.

onomatopoeia

the use of words that imitate sounds.

examples of onomatopoeia

crash,bang,hiss,splat

alliteration

the repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words.

example of alliteration

lovely lonely lights

sound devices

add a musical quality to poetry

sound devices

poets use these to enhance a poem's mood and meaning

examples of sound devices

rhyme,rhythm, repetition,onomatopoeia,alliteration

figurative language

writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally

figures of speech

another name for the many types of figurative language

figures of speech

writers use these figures of speech to state ideas in a vivid and imaginative way

metaphors

describe one thing as if it were something else .

metaphors

often point out a similarity between two unlike things

example of metaphor

The snow was a white blanket over the town.

similes

use like or as to compare two apparently unlike things and show similarities between the two

example of similes

She is a slow as a turtle.

personification

gives human qualities to something that is nonhuman

example of personification

The ocean crashed angrily during the storm.

example of rhyme

clown,down

example of rhythm

A mouse lives in my house.

example of repetition

Sunny thoughts filled a sunny day

example of onomatopoeia

splash, meow

example of alliteration

a round red rose

example of metaphors

Courage is a fire that burns in your heart.

examples of similes

The baby's skin was as soft as silk.

example of personification

The flowing brook sang a happy song

context clues

found in the words, phrases and sentences surrounding an unfamiliar word. MAY HAVE SAME meaning or that describe or explain the word

questions to ask when using context clues

WHAT KIND OF WORD IS IT ? WHAT WORD CAN I USE IN PLACE OF IT? WHICH OTHER WORDS IN THE SENTENCE EXPLAIN IT?

RHYTHM AND RHYME

POETS ADD THESE TO ADD A MUSICAL QUALITY TO THEIR POEMS

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