What is "nobility?"
A high ranking social class.
Who was Confucius?
During the Zhou dynasty, he was an advisor in the king's court who valued order and peace. 551BC - 479BC
What are "The Analects?"
A collections of sayings by Confucius written down by his students.(they give advice on how to do things right)
What are the teachings of Confucius called?
What does Confucianism teach?
1.Respect for all people 2. people should accept their positions in society 3. Treat others the way you want to be treated. 4. Children should obey and respect their parents and teachers
What is the "Mandate of Heaven?"
A belief (Confucianism) that a ruler had the right to govern for the good of all people.
What is meant by the term "hundred schools of thought?"
There were many other scholars during Confucius' time such as Mencius, Daoism - they taught different beliefs.
What is "reincarnation?"
The process in which a person goes from one life to the next life .
What is "caste?"
A lifelong social group into which a person is born.
What is the main religion in India?
What are 2 important facts about Hinduism?
1. One of the oldest religions in the world. 2. Does not have a founder.
Where are the roots of Hinduism believed to have started?
With the religious beliefs of the Aryans and the first people of the Indus River Valley.
How many Vedas (ancients texts) are there?
What is the Rig Veda?
It is the oldest Veda - it contains over 1,000 hymns that are dedicatd toAryan gods- they are still sung at ceremonies today such as weddings and funerals.
What is the Brahman?
believed by Hindus to be the universal truth being, which is the source of everything
What are the 3 main forms of Brahman?
1. Brahma-the creator
2. Vishnu-the preserver
What is dharma and which god controls it?
It is the order of the universe and Vishnu controls it.
What are the 7 doctrines (or truths) of Hinduism?
1. Peaceful living
2. freedom of thought
3. respect for nature and (4) animals
5. becoing one with Brahman
6. Good and (7)bad actions will one day affect us
What do Hindus believe happens when a person dies?
They are reborn into a new life.
What is "reincarnation?"
The process of going from one life into the next.
What is "karma?"
The actions a person does in their life (Good or bad).
What is a "caste?"
A lifelong social group into which a person is born
What are the 5 levels of the caste system?
1. Priest and teachers (highest)
2. Rulers and warriors
3. Farmers and merchants
What is "meditation?"
a way of clearing the mind.
What is "enlightenment?"
A state of pure goodness.
Who was "The Buddha?"
Sidhartha Gautama -born about 563 B.C. to a wealthy ruler.
What is the town in northern India where Siddhartha was enlightened and became Buddha?
What did Buddha teach?
That all people, no matter what social class, could achieve enlightenment and be free from suffering.
What is Buddhism based on?
The teachings of the Buddha-the 4 noble truths about human suffering.
What are the 4 noble truths that explain human suffering?
1. Suffering is part of life for all people.
2. People suffer because they want so many things.
3. If people free themselves from wanting so many things, they will not suffer.
4. People can free themselves from wants and from suffering by following the Eightfold Path.
What is the "Eightfold Path?"
The Buddhist way of living that can help Buddhists find relief from their suffering
What are the 3 qualities people should develop according to the Eightfold Path?
1. wisdom 2. morality 3. meditation
HEBREWS, PHOENICIAN & LYDIANS
What is a "covenant?"
What is "monotheism?"
The worship of one God.
What is "slavery?"
The practice of one person owning another.
What is a "discendant?"
A person who is born later into the same family.
What is to "barter?"
To exchange one kind of goods and services for another.
Who is considered to be the founder of Judaism?
What was the covenant made between God and Abraham?
Abraham promised to worship only one God and God promised to look after Abraham and his people.
T or F Judaism was one of the first monotheistic religions.
What happened to the Hebrews when they moved from Canaan to Egypt?
They were forced into slavery.
Who did God choose to lead the Hebrews to freedom?
What did God give Moses to help guide the Hebrews in worship and rules to live?
The Ten Commandments.
What is the "Torah ?"
The first five books of the Hebrew bible that provide guidance, laws and stories important to the Jewish people.
How many different tribes did the Hebrews in Canann have?
Who united the Hebrew tribes?
King David - who founded the kingdom called Israel-it's capital was Jerusalem.
Who was King David's son, and what did he do?
Solomon-he built a temple in Jerusalem for the Torah and to be a place of worship.
What happened after Solomon's death?
Israel was split into two kingdoms-Israel to the north, and Judah to the south.
Describe the Jewish holiday known as "Passover?"
It honors the scape of the Hebrews from slavery in Egypt.
What does "rabbi" mean?
In Hebrew, it means "master" or "teacher."
Who were the Phoenicians?
During the time of King Solomon, they lived on the eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea. They were great sailors and traders. They helped develop the modern alphabet.
Who were the Lydians?
People who lived in this region and developed the region's first coins, making trade simpler and easier.
What is a "catacomb?"
An underground burial room.
What is a "synagogue?"
A Jewish place of worship.
What is a "disciple"
One of Jesus' followers.
What does it mean to "persecute?"
To punish for one's beliefs.
Who started Christianity?
Where was Jesus born?
The Roman province of Palestine which is present-day Jordan and Israel.
How do we know about Jesus' life?
Mostly from 4 books in the bible from the New Testament.
Who were the Apostles?
Twelve followers of Jesus who helped him preach.
What did Jesus teach?
1. There was only one God. 2. To follow the Ten Commandments. 3. He preached about kindness, forgiveness and mercy.
What happen when Jesus' preachings spread across Palestine?
Local leaders thought this would upset their Roman rulers so they had him crucified, or put to death on a cross.
What happened after Jesus' death?
At first Christians were persecuted until the emperor Constantine made Christianity equal to other religions.
Who made Christianity the main religion in Rome?
Theodosius in 380 A.D.
How has Christianity changed over time?
It is practiced all over the world and there are different Christians groups-Jesus is central to Christian beliefs.
What is a "pilgrimage?"
a journey to a place of religious importance.
What is a "caravan?"
A group of people and animals traveling together.
What is a "mosque?"
A Muslim place of worship.
Who was Muhammad ?
Founder of Islam religion
What is the Quran?
The holy book of Islam that tells people how to live their daily lives.
What does "Islam" mean in arabic?
Who are Muslims?
Followers of Islam.
What are the 5 "Pillars of Islam?"
1.There is no God but God and Muhammad is his prophet.
2.Muslims pray five times a day.
3.Muslims must give charity to the poor.
4. Muslim fast (not eat during the day) during the ninth month of the Muslim calendar (Ramadan)
5. Muslims must make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca-if possible.
What is "jihad?"
A practice of Muslims meaning "struggle." It can mean military and/or peaceful struggles such as work hard or better their communities.
When and where do Muslims worship?
They worship in mosques on Friday afternoon.