Medical Terminology ch 12

Created by sarap14 

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adenoids:

collections of lymph tissue in the nasopharynx

alveoli:

air sacs of the lungs

bronchi:

branches of the windpipe that lead into the lungs

bronchioles:

smallest branches of bronchi

cilia:

thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane lining the respiratory tract

epiglottis:

lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the voice box

hilum:

midline region of the lungs where bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs

larynx:

voice box

medistinum:

region between the lungs in the chest cavity

palatine tonsils:

collections of lymph tissue in the oropharynx

paranasal sinuses:

air-containing cavities in the bones around the nose

parietal pleura:

outer fold of pleura lying closer to the ribs

pharynx:

throat

trachea:

windpipe

visceral pleura:

inner fold of pleura closer to lung tissue

bronchiectasis:

chronic dilation of a bronchus

pleuritis:

inflammation of pleura

pneumothorax:

air in the chest

anosmia:

lack of sense of smell

laryngectomy:

removal of the voice box

nasopharyngitis:

inflammation of the nose and throat

phrenic:

pertaining to the diaphragm

alveolar:

pertaining to an air sac

glottis:

opening to the larynx

tracheal stenosis:

narrowing of the windpipe

rales (crackles):

fine crackling sounds heard on ausculation when there is fluid in the alveoli

ausculation:

listening to sounds within the body

sputum:

material expelled from the bronchi, lungs, or upper respiratory tract by spitting

percussion:

tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure

rhonchi:

loud rumbling sounds heard on ausculation of bronchi obstructed by sputum

wheeze:

continuous high-pitched whistling sounds produced during breathing

adenoid-

adenoids

alveol-

alveolus, air sac

bronch-

bronchial tube

bronchi-

bronchus

bronchiol-

bronchiole, small bronchus

capn-

carbon dioxide

coni-

dust

cyan-

blue

epiglott-

epiglottis

laryng-

larynx, voice box

lob-

lobe of the lung

mediastin-

mediastinum

nas-

nose

orth-

straight, upright

ox-

oxygen

pector-

chest

pharyng-

pharynx, throat

phon-

voice

pleur-

pleura

pneum-

air, lung

pulmon-

lung

rhin-

nose

sinus-

sinus, cavity

spir-

breathing

tel-

complete

thorac-

chest

tonsill-

tonsils

trache-

trachea, windpipe

-ema

condition

-osmia

smell

-pnea

breathing

-ptysis

spitting

-sphyxia

pulse

-thorax

pleural cavity, chest

croup:

acute viral infection of infants and children with obstruction of the larynx, barking cough and stridor

epistaxis:

nosebleed

asthma:

chronic bronchial inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction due to bronchial edema and constriction and increased mucus production

emphysema:

hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls

pneumonia:

acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction

tuberculosis:

infectious disease, lungs are usually involved, but any organ in the body may be affected

pleural effusion:

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space

bronchoscopy:

fiberoptic endoscope examination of the bronchial tubes

thoractomy:

large surgical incision of the chest

tracheostomy:

surgical creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck

ABG:

arterial blood gases

ARDS:

acute respiratory distress syndrome- can eventually cause death

CO2:

carbon dioxide

COPD:

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CPAP:

continuous positive airway pressure

CPR:

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

C&S:

culture and sensitivity testing- scientists grow bacteria and test the antibiotics

CXR:

chest x-ray

DPT:

diphteria, pertussis, tetanus- immunization

LLL:

left lower lobe

LUL:

left upper lobe

O2:

oxygen

PE:

pulmonary embolism-blood clot in lung

RDS:

respiratory distress syndrome

SOB:

shortness of breath

TB:

tuberculosis

URI:

upper respiratory infection

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