examples of aside
(short speech delivered to the audience by an actor in a play, spoken in an undertone to suggest that other characters cannot hear it)
Trebonius (97) - friends wish further away (when speaking about Brutus); Portia (103) while talking to servant; Cassius (123) not letting Antony speak at funeral
How does Shakespeare let he audience know that Brutus is noble?
Through other people (Cassius (47), Casca, Antony) say he is; relationship with his wife; "I love the name of honor more than I fear death." (32)
Climax of story
(point of high intensity or turning point)
assassination of Caesar
Two people having conflicts
(struggle between two opposing forces)
Cassius and Antony
Cassius and Caesar
Antony/Octavius/Lepidus vs Brutus/Cassius
What is Brutus' internal conflict?
whether to let Caesar live and perhaps become a tyrant king or kill him in the name of Roman Republic
What does the audience learn through the dialogue among Marullus, Flavius, and the Commoners?
Caesar has just returned victorious after beating Pompey's sons. People are divided on how much power Caesar should be allowed to take; crowd is easily influenced through speeches
(when you know something the character doesn't know)
Caesar is going to the Senate thinking he is going to be crowned when he will actually be assassinated
(events after climax that lead to the resolution)
Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus join forces to fight conspirators; Rome falls into Civil War
(character that displays only a single trait or quality)
Marvillus; Flavius; Casca
foil to Brutus
(character who provided contrast to another character)
Cassius and Antony (contrast to Brutus' honorable,patriotic and naive character)
(author's use of hints or clues to suggest later important events)
eagle and ravens
(descriptive language that appeals to one or mre of the five senses)
(48-50) description of storm
(contrast between appeaance and reality)
Brutus believes there is no need for oath; Titinius appears to have been captured when he is actually being welcomed; Brutus betraying his friend - loyalty
(comparison between two things not usually thought of as being alike)
"These growing feathers plucked" (24)
"Caesar is a wolf because ..." (56)
"I, your glass, will modestly discover yourself." (30)
(speech by one character in a play during which other characters are present)
Brutus' speech explaining assassination (128)
Antony's speeches at funeral (132)
Marullus' exposition (22)
Cassius' history of Caesar's weakness (32)
Brutus' speech of oaths (71)
(comparison between two things using like or as)
"shallow men like horses" (158)
"anger is like flint" (169)
"like a magician you've brought my dead spirits to life" (87)
(long speech, made by a character who is alone, in which he/she reveals his/her thoughts and feelings to the audience)
Brutus (62) - internal struggle
Antony (124) - what he really thinks of conspirators and plans to do
(author's observations about some aspect of life an revealed through his/her literary work)
*Men will always struggle to determine the degree to which fate or free will affects their lives.
*An individual's inability to separate his private self from the decisions of his public self can often prove destructive.
*An individual must maintain a degree of flexibility and open-mindness without sacrificing integrity and morality.
*An individual can be harmed by not being able to discern the difference between appearance and reality.
(serious drama typically describing a conflict between a protagonist and superior force and having a sorrowful or disastrous conclusion)
(character weakness that leads to the downfall or destruction of a noble and outstanding person)
naivete - Brutus is honorable and therefore believes everyone he deals with will act honorably.
personal took over practical self (betrays friend)
(character, often of noble birth, who is basically good but possesses a weakness that leads to his/her downfall)
Brutus - naivete
Caesar - arrogance, inflexibility, stubbornness
Brutus' motive for killing Caesar
(reason for character's actions)
believes it is only way to stop him from becoming a tyrant king and destroying Roman Republic
examples of personification
(type of figurative language in which a non-human subject is given human qualities)
(69) "O, conspiracy, are you too ashamed to show your dangerous looks at night?"
Caesar's statue bleeding
Who is the protagonist?
(main character at the center of the action, often in conflict with an external antagonist and/or internal forces
(part of the work in which the outcome of the conflict is made clear)
Cassius kills himself after being defeated by Antony's forces and believing Titinius was captured; Brutus kills himself
(events leading up to the climax)
Caesar being offered the crown three times;
Letters to Brutus
(character who is complicated and exhibits numberous qualities or traits)
(time and place of the action in a literary work)
Rome 44 B.C.