ego integrity versus despair
eighth and final stage of Erikson's model of development in which the goal is to develop a sense of wholeness that comes from having lived a full life and the ability to let go of regrets, the final completion of the ego
According to Joan Erikson, a psychosocial stage beyond ego integrity, which characterizes the very old, that involves a cosmic and transcendent perspective directed forward and outward, beyond the self. (evident in heightened inner calm and contentment) (472)
ability to maximize positive emotion and dampen negative emotion
telling stories about people and events from their past and reporting associated thoughts and feelings
added years of longevity and health plus financial stability have granted this active, opportunistic time of life to so many contemporary seniors that some experts believe a new phase of late adulthood has evolved called this
typical pattern of interaction in which elders' dependency behaviors are attended to immediately, thereby reinforcing those behaviors. (475)
typical pattern of interaction in which elders' independent behaviors are mostly ignored, thereby leading them to occur less often. (475)
a theory of aging that suggests that society and the aging individual mutually sever many of their relationships
The view that elderly people need to remain active in a variety of social spheres with relatives, friends, and community groups and become withdrawn only unwillingly, as a result of ageism.
This Theory of aging is based on the premise that successful methods used throughout life for adjusting and adapting to life events are repeated. Traits, habits, values, association & goals remain stable throughout the lifetime, regardless of life changes.
socioemotional selectivity theory
Older adults become more selective about their social networks - spend time with familiar people.
in late adulthood, remaining in a familiar setting where one has control over one's everyday life
an increasingly popular long term care option provides a variety of support services including meals in a common dining room, along with watchful oversight of residents with physical and mental disabilities
offer a range of housing alternatives, from independent or congregate housing to full nursing home care. For a large initial payment and additonal monthly fees, life care guarantees that elder's changing needs will be met in one place as they age.
an influential model of changes in our social networks as we move through life
people who are intimates but with whom they spend time occasionally, such as a group that meets for lunch, bridge, or museum tours
gains are maximized and losses minimized