Antibiotics Review (for Dispensing Exam 2)

179 terms by scottshoenfelt 

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pcn g trade

pfizerpen

pcn v trade

veetids

pcn vk trade

pen-vee k

dicloxacillin trade

dynapen; dycil

ampicillin trade

omnipen; principen

amoxicillin trade

amoxil; trimox; moxatag

amoxicillin/ clav trade

augmentin

cephalexin trade

keflex

cefadroxil trade

duricef

cefaclor trade

ceclor; raniclor

cefprozil trade

cefzil

cefuroxime trade

ceftin

cefixime trade

suprax

cefdinir trade

omnicef

cefpodoxime trade

vantin

ceftibuten trade

cedax

azithromycin trade

zithromax

clarithromycin trade

biaxin

erythromycin trade

ery-tab

ciproflox trade

cipro

levoflox trade

levaquin

moxiflox trade

avelox

doxycycline trade

vibramycin

minocycline trade

minocin

tetracycline trade

tetracycline

tmp/smx trade

bactrim; septra

clindamycin trade

cleocin

linezolid trade

zyvox

nitrofurantoin trade

macrodantin; macrobid

metronidazole trade

Flagyl

pcn g form

iv; im

pcn v form

po

pcn vk form

po; susp

dicloxacillin form

po

ampicillin form

iv; im; po

amoxicillin form

po

amoxicillin/ clav form

po; susp

cephalexin form

po; susp

cefadroxil form

po; susp

cefaclor form

cap; tab; susp

cefprozil form

tab; susp

cefuroxime form

tab; susp

cefixime form

tab; susp

cefdinir form

cap; susp

cefpodoxime form

tab; susp

ceftibuten form

cap; susp

azithromycin form

tab; susp

clarithromycin form

tab; susp

erythromycin form

tab; cap; susp

ciproflox form

tab; susp

levoflox form

tab; soln

moxiflox form

tab

doxycycline form

cap; tab; susp

minocycline form

cap; tab; tab ER

tetracycline form

cap

tmp/smx form

tab; susp; iv

clindamycin form

cap; soln; iv

linezolid form

tab; susp

nitrofurantoin form

cap; susp

metronidazole form

cap; tab

pcn g dose

2-4 million U q24h

pcn v dose

250-500mg po bid-qid

pcn vk dose

250-500 po qid

dicloxacillin dose

1-2gm iv q6h or 250-500mg po qid

ampicillin dose

250-500mg po tid; 775mg (ER) po qd

amoxicillin dose

250/125 - 500/125 mg po tid; 500/125 - 875/125 po bid

amoxicillin/ clav dose

250-500 po qid 125/5 ; 250/5

cephalexin dose

500-1000 po bid

cefadroxil dose

250-500 tid

cefaclor dose

250-500 bid

cefprozil dose

125-500 bid

cefuroxime dose

400mg po qd

cefixime dose

300mg po bid

cefdinir dose

200-400 po bid

cefpodoxime dose

400mg po qd

ceftibuten dose

250-500 po qd; 500mg iv q24h

azithromycin dose

250-500 po bid

clarithromycin dose

250-500 po qid; 500mg iv q6h

erythromycin dose

250-500 po bid

ciproflox dose

250-750 po qd (IV=PO)

levoflox dose

400mg po qd (IV=PO)

moxiflox dose

100mg po bid (IV=PO)

doxycycline dose

100mg po bid (IV=PO)

minocycline dose

250-500mg po QID

tetracycline dose

800-1600/160-320 daily in 2 divided doses. 5mg/kg iv q6h

tmp/smx dose

150-450mg po qid; 600-900mg iv q8h

clindamycin dose

600mg po bid (IV=PO)

linezolid dose

200mg in 2-4 divided doses

nitrofurantoin dose

500mg po tid to qid (IV=PO)

pcn g uses / spectrum

treponema; strep; neisseria; clostridium; mouth anaerobes

pcn v uses / spectrum

treponema; strep; neisseria; clostridium; mouth anaerobes

pcn vk uses / spectrum

syphilis; strep; dental infections

dicloxacillin uses / spectrum

mssa; strep

ampicillin uses / spectrum

otitis media; sinusitis; pharyngitis - strep; entero; listeria; enteric gram neg rods; haemoph; moraxella w/o b-lactamase

amoxicillin uses / spectrum

strep; entero; listeria; enteric gram neg rods; haemoph; moraxella w/o b-lactamase

amoxicillin/ clav uses / spectrum

mixed infections; aspiration pneumo; bite wounds; otitis media; sinusitis - strep; entero; mssa; anaerobes; h; flu; m. catarrhalis; enteric gram neg rods

cephalexin uses / spectrum

mssa; strep; some gram neg (h. flu; m. catarrhalis; e. coli

cefadroxil uses / spectrum

mssa; strep; some gram neg (h. flu; m. catarrhalis; e. coli

cefaclor uses / spectrum

otitis media; sinusitis; bronchitis; pneumo (NOT cefaclor) - e. coli; klebsiella; proteus; h. flu; some strep

cefprozil uses / spectrum

otitis media; sinusitis; bronchitis; pneumo (NOT cefaclor) - e. coli; klebsiella; proteus; h. flu; some strep

cefuroxime uses / spectrum

otitis media; sinusitis; bronchitis; pneumo (NOT cefaclor) - e. coli; klebsiella; proteus; h. flu; some strep

cefixime uses / spectrum

otitis media; sinusitis; bronchitis; comm-acquired pneumo; uti; gonorrhea - enteric gram neg rods; h. flu; strep. Pneumo; neisseria

cefdinir uses / spectrum

otitis media; sinusitis; bronchitis; comm-acquired pneumo; uti; gonorrhea - enteric gram neg rods; h. flu; strep. Pneumo; neisseria

cefpodoxime uses / spectrum

otitis media; sinusitis; bronchitis; comm-acquired pneumo; uti; gonorrhea - enteric gram neg rods; h. flu; strep. Pneumo; neisseria

ceftibuten uses / spectrum

otitis media; sinusitis; bronchitis; comm-acquired pneumo; uti; gonorrhea - enteric gram neg rods; h. flu; strep. Pneumo; neisseria

azithromycin uses / spectrum

comm. Acquired pneumo; bronchitis; pertussis; chlamydia (axith); mycobacterium avium; h. pylori - h. flu; moraxella; atypicals (mucoplasma; chlamydia; legionella); strep. Pneumo; bordatella

clarithromycin uses / spectrum

comm. Acquired pneumo; bronchitis; pertussis; chlamydia (axith); mycobacterium avium; h. pylori - h. flu; moraxella; atypicals (mucoplasma; chlamydia; legionella); strep. Pneumo; bordatella

erythromycin uses / spectrum

comm. Acquired pneumo; bronchitis; pertussis; chlamydia (axith); mycobacterium avium; h. pylori - h. flu; moraxella; atypicals (mucoplasma; chlamydia; legionella); strep. Pneumo; bordatella

ciproflox uses / spectrum

entero; h. flu; moraxela; atypicals; pseudomonas - UTI; pseudomonas; osteomyelitis

levoflox uses / spectrum

entero; h. flu; moraxela; atypicals; strep pneumo; pseudomonas - comm acquired pneumo; sinusitis; bronchitis; UTI; skin & soft tissue infections; pseudomonas; osteomyelitis

moxiflox uses / spectrum

entero; h. flu; moraxela; atypicals; strep pneumo; pseudomonas - comm acquired pneumo; sinusitis; bronchitis; skin & soft tissue infections; osteomyelitis

doxycycline uses / spectrum

comm-acquired pneumo; bronchitis; sinusitis; skin and soft tissue infxn; tick borne diseases; Acne - atypicals mcoplasma; chlamydia; legionella; t. palladium; b. burgdorfi (lyme); h. pylori; strep. Pneumo; CA-MRSA; p. acnes

minocycline uses / spectrum

comm-acquired pneumo; bronchitis; sinusitis; skin and soft tissue infxn; tick borne diseases; Acne - atypicals mcoplasma; chlamydia; legionella; t. palladium; b. burgdorfi (lyme); h. pylori; strep. Pneumo; CA-MRSA; p. acnes

tetracycline uses / spectrum

comm-acquired pneumo; bronchitis; sinusitis; skin and soft tissue infxn; tick borne diseases; Acne - atypicals mcoplasma; chlamydia; legionella; t. palladium; b. burgdorfi (lyme); h. pylori; strep. Pneumo; CA-MRSA; p. acnes

tmp/smx uses / spectrum

UTIs; skin & soft tissue; PCP prophylaxis and Tx - MSSA; CA-MRSA; e. coli; salmonella; shigella; stenotroph; pneumocystis jirovecii

clindamycin uses / spectrum

skin and soft tissue and dental infections - MSSA; CA-MRSA; strep; anaerobes

linezolid uses / spectrum

skin and soft tissue infxns; nosocomial pneumonia - MSSA; MRSA; strep; enterococci

nitrofurantoin uses / spectrum

lower UTI - e. coli; citobacter; enterobacter; klebsiella; enterocicci (incl VRE!)

metronidazole uses / spectrum

bacterial vaginosis; trichimoniasis; c. diff; h. pylori - anaerobes; protozoa; heliobacter

pcn g adverse events

rash; seizure; nvd

pcn v adverse events

rash; seizure; nvd

pcn vk adverse events

rash; seizure; nvd

dicloxacillin adverse events

rash; seizure; nvd

ampicillin adverse events

rash; seizure; nvd

amoxicillin adverse events

rash; seizure; nvd

amoxicillin/ clav adverse events

rash; seizure; nvd

cephalexin adverse events

...

cefadroxil adverse events

...

cefaclor adverse events

...

cefprozil adverse events

...

cefuroxime adverse events

...

cefixime adverse events

...

cefdinir adverse events

...

cefpodoxime adverse events

...

ceftibuten adverse events

...

azithromycin adverse events

NVD; QTc; CYP450 (not azith)

clarithromycin adverse events

NVD; QTc; CYP450 (not azith)

erythromycin adverse events

NVD; QTc; CYP450 (not azith)

ciproflox adverse events

nausea; photosens; ha; dizzy; insomnia; rare seizures; QTc; glucose ; arthralgia; achilles tendon rupture

levoflox adverse events

nausea; photosens; ha; dizzy; insomnia; rare seizures; QTc; glucose ; arthralgia; achilles tendon rupture

moxiflox adverse events

nausea; photosens; ha; dizzy; insomnia; rare seizures; QTc; glucose ; arthralgia; achilles tendon rupture

doxycycline adverse events

NVD; photosens; tooth discolor in kids

minocycline adverse events

NVD; photosens; tooth discolor in kids

tetracycline adverse events

NVD; photosens; tooth discolor in kids

tmp/smx adverse events

hypersens; photosens; bone marrow supress; crystaluria; hyperK

clindamycin adverse events

c. diff superinfection

linezolid adverse events

NVD; bone marrow supress is > 2 weeks; peripheral neuropathy; optic neuritis (rare; > 4 weeks)

nitrofurantoin adverse events

NV; pneumonitis; pulm fibrosis; periph neuropathy

metronidazole adverse events

NVD; metallic taste; peripheral neuropathy; urine discolor

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