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tactile imagery

appeals to sense of touch

organic imagery

appeals to hunger, thirst, fatigue

kinesthetic imagery

appeals to touch, temperature, movement, and feelings

metaphor

a figure of speech where a comparison is made without using like or as

figure of speech

any way of saying something other than the ordinary way; a way of saying one thing and meaning another

figurative language

language employing figures of speech; language that cannot be taken literally

simile

a figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two things using like or as

personification

a figure of speech in which human attributes are given to an animal, an object, of a concept

metonomy

a figure of speech in which some significant aspect of detail of an experience is used to represent the whole experience

named metaphor

when the actual comparison is named in the work

implied metaphor

the literal term is named and the figurative term is implied

apostrophe

a figure of speech in which someone absent or dead or something nonhuman is addressed as if it were alive and present and could reply

symbol

a figure of speech in which something means more than what it is

allegory

a narrative or description having a second meaning beneath the surface

paradox

a statement or situation containing apparently contradictory or incompatible elements

overstatement

hyperbole

understatement

a figure of speech that consists of saying less than one means, or saying what one means with less force than the occasion warrants

irony

a situation, or use of language, involving some kind of incongruity or discrpancy

verbal irony

a figure of speech in which what is meant is the opposite of what is said

satire

a kind of literature that ridicules human folly or vice with the purpose of bringing about reform or of keeping others from falling into similar folly or vice

sarcasm

bitter or cutting speech; speech intended by its speaker to give pain to the person addressed

dramatic irony

a device by which the author implies a different meaning from that intended by the speaker in a literary work

irony of situation

a situation in which there is an incongruity between actual circumstances and those that would seem appropriate or between what is anticipated and what actually comes to pass

dramatic monologue

when a single speaker in literature speaks to a silent audience

allusion

a reference, explicit or implicit, to something in previous literature or history

total meaning

the total experience communicated by a poem; it includes all those dimensions of experience by which a poem communicates and it can be communicated in not other words than those of the poem itself

prose meaning

the part of a poem's total meaning that can be separated out and expressed through paraphrase

tone

the writer's or speaker's attitude toward his subject, his audience, or himself; the emotional coloring, or emotional meaning , of a work

alliteration

the repetition at close intervals of the initial consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words

assonance

the repetition at close intervals of the vowel sounds of accented syllables or important words

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