What modality is best for LI surveys? 2nd? longest and most labor intensive?
US/ endoscopy; contrast radiography
What are indications for contrast studies of the LI?
narrowing or strictures of the LI w/ endoscopy, or intra/extra mural lesions w/ normal endoscopic exam
What are the layering echogenicites of the LI? what makes them harder to see?
hyper, hypo,hyper,hypo, hyper; thinner than the SI wall
What abdominal structure is located near the right kidney in the cat and is easily ID'ed on US b/c of its hyperechoic submucosal layer?
Plaque-like lesions resulting in contrast filling defects and mucosal irregularities are indicative of ______ mural lesions while narrowing of the lumen, displacement of the bowel and adjacent viscera are indicative of _____ mural lesions.
Impactions, mechanical obs. narrowed pelvic inlet, strictures and foreign bodies are all causes of ______ dilation of the LI.
Chronic constipation, spinal abnormalities, neuromuscular disorders, perineal hernias and congenital abnormalities are all causes of?
Diffuse enlargment of the colon due to functional/mechanial ileus and ineffective motility is aka?