5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
- Hypomanic Episode
- Panic Attack
- Schizoaffective Disorder
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
- a Anxiety-producing obsessions or compulsions. Antidepressants are tried first - Clomipramine, Fluvoxamine, Fluoxetine, Paroxetine, and Sertraline. CBT most effective - exposure and response prevention.
- b Involves symptoms similar to those associated with a Manic Episode but are less extreme.
- c Has a major depressive, manic or mixed episode in combination with symptoms of Schizophrenia. Must have had delusions or hallucinations during a 2 week period when mood symptoms were not present. Mood symptoms need to be prominent part of the illness. Antipsychotic meds are the treatment of choice and individual therapy is most common.
- d Excessive anxiety and worry about a number of things that persists for a min of 6 months. Most commonly prescribed anti anxiety meds are benzodiazepines (Ativan, Xanax, Valium, Librium, and Klonipin). Antidepressants and Busiprone are alternatives. Individual therapy recommended.
- e Intense fear or discomfort that peaks within 10 minutes. At least 4 of the following: papitations, pounding heart, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, sense that one is choking, discomfort in the chest area, nausea or abdominal discomfort, dizziness, derealization, depersonalization, fearfulness of losing control, fear of dying, numbness or tingling sensations, chills or hot flushes.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Minimum of 1 Manic or Mixed Episode and will usually have Major Depressive Episodes.
- Reversible, substance-specific mental disorders caused by substance intoxication and those cause by substance withdrawal.
- Development of a pattern of substance use that is maladaptive. Treatment needs to be assessed and modified for the individual and to meet the changing needs.
- Hallucinations (ex seeing/hearing someone who is not there), delusions (false belief), disorganized speech, inappropriate affect, and disorganized behavior.
- Minimum of one Major Depressive Episode and at least one Hypomanic episode.
5 True/False Questions
Amnestic Disorder → Involves inpairment in memory solely. No treatments, generally individuals slowly reovery over time.
Treatment for Panic Attacks → Indivdual psychotherapy is the preferred type of treatment - education and teaching relaxation and coping strategies. Benzodiazepines and SSRI antidepressants are the medications of choice.
Shared Psychotic Disorder (Folie a Deux) → Development of a delusion in in individual who is closely involved with another individual who has prominent delusions.
Substance Dependence → Continued use of a substance in spite of the onset of significantly distressful cognitive, behavioral, and physiological symptoms. Tolerance, withdrawal, and compulsive drug use often result.
Dementia → disturbance in the level of consciousness with concomitant changes in cognition. Onset is over a brief time period and often clears when the condition relents. Treatment includes treating the underlying cause.