5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Amnestic Disorder
- Acute Stress Disorder
- a disturbance in the level of consciousness with concomitant changes in cognition. Onset is over a brief time period and often clears when the condition relents. Treatment includes treating the underlying cause.
- b Involves inpairment in memory solely. No treatments, generally individuals slowly reovery over time.
- c Disturbance that consists of impairment in a number of cognitive abilites, including memory, and often becomes progressively worse. Cannot be cured but medications may improve mental function, mood and behavior. Meds include Aricept, Reminyl, Exelon and Namenda. Goal of treatment is to keep the individual safe.
- d Consists of PTSD like symptoms that immediately follow exposure to a traumatic event and last btwn 2 days and 4 weeks.
- e psychotic disorder characterized by a combination of specific positive and negative symptoms. Must show signs for at least 6 moths. Includes three phases - prodromal phase, active phase, and residual phase. Also several subtypes.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Reversible, substance-specific mental disorders caused by substance intoxication and those cause by substance withdrawal.
- Individual repeatedly re-experiences, over a minimum of 1 month, a traumatic event with increased arousal and avoids internal and external stimuli that are reminiscent of the trauma.
- Hallucinations (ex seeing/hearing someone who is not there), delusions (false belief), disorganized speech, inappropriate affect, and disorganized behavior.
- Performance in some social situations results in anxiety. Avoidance is often evident. Imipramine has been effective in block some attacks. MAO inhibitors also helpful. Benzodiazepines (Librium, valium) are effective in a phobic situation if taken in sufficient doses. Psychotherapy and behavioral treatments are common interventions.
- Anxiety in situations where it would be difficult or embarrassing for the person to escape or in which he might not me able to secure help. Individual avoids these situations.
5 True/False questions
Treatment for Panic Attacks → Indivdual psychotherapy is the preferred type of treatment - education and teaching relaxation and coping strategies. Benzodiazepines and SSRI antidepressants are the medications of choice.
Delusional Disorder → Characterized by a minimum of one non-bizarre delusion and must be evident for a minimum of 1 month. Psychosocial functioning, apart from the delusions is normal. Antipsychotic medication my relieve delusional beliefs but only temporarily. Individual therapy is most effective.
Polysubstance Dependence → Continued use of a substance in spite of the onset of significantly distressful cognitive, behavioral, and physiological symptoms. Tolerance, withdrawal, and compulsive drug use often result.
Treatment for Schizophrenia → Combination of antipsychotic, antidepressant, and anti-anxiety medication depending on the types of symptoms. Wrap around services including social skills training, education, living assistance, case management, and medical compliance. Psychotherapy or group therapy can be beneficial. Family therapy can decrease relapse rates.
Substance Dependence → Individual repeatedly uses at least three substance groups over a 12 month period and no one class clearly predominates.