5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Cyclothymic Disorder
- Dysthymic Disorder
- Positive symptoms of schizophrenia
- Polysubstance Dependence
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
- a Excessive anxiety and worry about a number of things that persists for a min of 6 months. Most commonly prescribed anti anxiety meds are benzodiazepines (Ativan, Xanax, Valium, Librium, and Klonipin). Antidepressants and Busiprone are alternatives. Individual therapy recommended.
- b Rapid shifts btwn hypomanic Episodes and depressive episodes that do not meet criteria for Major Depressive Episode. Symptoms must persist for a minimum of 2 years.
- c Hallucinations (ex seeing/hearing someone who is not there), delusions (false belief), disorganized speech, inappropriate affect, and disorganized behavior.
- d Minimum of 2 year depressed mood in combination with other depressive symptoms. Antidepressants helpful and SSRI's most common. Best treatment approach is combination of psychotherapy and antidepressant medication.
- e Individual repeatedly uses at least three substance groups over a 12 month period and no one class clearly predominates.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Follows the active phase, in which the psychotic symptoms have improved but impairment continues.
- Minimum of one Major Depressive Episode. Antidepressants are commonly prescribed. CBT is the most popular and the most effective treatment. Interpersonal therapy is another approach.
- Development of a pattern of substance use that is maladaptive. Treatment needs to be assessed and modified for the individual and to meet the changing needs.
- At least 2 weeks of depressed mood or a loss of pleasure in most activities. At least 4 of the following: Change in appetite or a significant loss of weight, sleep disturbance, restlessness, fatigue, feelings of worthlessness, difficulty thinking, or suicidal ideation.
- Reversible, substance-specific mental disorders caused by substance intoxication and those cause by substance withdrawal.
5 True/False Questions
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder → Minimum of one Major Depressive Episode. Antidepressants are commonly prescribed. CBT is the most popular and the most effective treatment. Interpersonal therapy is another approach.
Amnestic Disorder → Involves inpairment in memory solely. No treatments, generally individuals slowly reovery over time.
Treatment for Panic Attacks → Indivdual psychotherapy is the preferred type of treatment - education and teaching relaxation and coping strategies. Benzodiazepines and SSRI antidepressants are the medications of choice.
Prodromal phase → Follows the active phase, in which the psychotic symptoms have improved but impairment continues.
Treatment for Bipolar Disorder. → Mood stabilizers (Lithium, Tegretol, Depakote) are first line treatment in the past and still used. Today Atypical Antipsychotics (Geodon, Risperdal, Zyprexa, Abilify, Seroquel are more frequently prescribed. Antidepressants can be added for depressive episodes. Strong education, planning for relapse, illness acceptance, regular sleep and activity patterns, and direct involvement with family are key to treatment as well.