5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Dysthymic Disorder
- Major Depressive Episode
- Brief Psychotic disorder
- Manic Episode
- a At least 2 weeks of depressed mood or a loss of pleasure in most activities. At least 4 of the following: Change in appetite or a significant loss of weight, sleep disturbance, restlessness, fatigue, feelings of worthlessness, difficulty thinking, or suicidal ideation.
- b Mood that is abnormally elevated, expansive, or irritable that persists for a minimum of 1 week. Along with at least 3 of the the following: grandiosity or self-esteem that is inflated, less need for sleep, pressured speech, racing thoughts, easily distracted, psychomotor agitation or increased goal behavior, involvement in activities that are likely to have negative consequences.
- c Disturbance that consists of impairment in a number of cognitive abilites, including memory, and often becomes progressively worse. Cannot be cured but medications may improve mental function, mood and behavior. Meds include Aricept, Reminyl, Exelon and Namenda. Goal of treatment is to keep the individual safe.
- d Minimum of 2 year depressed mood in combination with other depressive symptoms. Antidepressants helpful and SSRI's most common. Best treatment approach is combination of psychotherapy and antidepressant medication.
- e Schizophrenic symptoms that have been evident for at least 1 day but no more than one month
5 Multiple choice questions
- Intense fear or discomfort that peaks within 10 minutes. At least 4 of the following: papitations, pounding heart, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, sense that one is choking, discomfort in the chest area, nausea or abdominal discomfort, dizziness, derealization, depersonalization, fearfulness of losing control, fear of dying, numbness or tingling sensations, chills or hot flushes.
- Consists of PTSD like symptoms that immediately follow exposure to a traumatic event and last btwn 2 days and 4 weeks.
- Mood stabilizers (Lithium, Tegretol, Depakote) are first line treatment in the past and still used. Today Atypical Antipsychotics (Geodon, Risperdal, Zyprexa, Abilify, Seroquel are more frequently prescribed. Antidepressants can be added for depressive episodes. Strong education, planning for relapse, illness acceptance, regular sleep and activity patterns, and direct involvement with family are key to treatment as well.
- Individual repeatedly uses at least three substance groups over a 12 month period and no one class clearly predominates.
- Anxiety in situations where it would be difficult or embarrassing for the person to escape or in which he might not me able to secure help. Individual avoids these situations.
5 True/False questions
Prodromal phase → Decline in role functioning and precedes the active phase.
Active Phase → Follows the active phase, in which the psychotic symptoms have improved but impairment continues.
Substance Dependence → Individual repeatedly uses at least three substance groups over a 12 month period and no one class clearly predominates.
Schizophrenia → Performance in some social situations results in anxiety. Avoidance is often evident. Imipramine has been effective in block some attacks. MAO inhibitors also helpful. Benzodiazepines (Librium, valium) are effective in a phobic situation if taken in sufficient doses. Psychotherapy and behavioral treatments are common interventions.
Delirium → disturbance in the level of consciousness with concomitant changes in cognition. Onset is over a brief time period and often clears when the condition relents. Treatment includes treating the underlying cause.