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Niccolo Paganini

the violinist who was so good that it was said he had sold his soul to the devil

Art song

a musical setting of a poem for solo voice and piano

Ballad

a narrative poem set to music

Song cycle

a series of art songs meant to be performed as a unit

Robert Schumann-

the composer who attempted suicide

polonaises and mazurkas.

Chopin expressed Polish nationalism in his music primarily through his

Etude

a study piece for piano

Character piece-

a fairly short piano piece portraying a single mood, emotion, or idea

Mazurka-

a piano piece based on a Polish dance

Franz Liszt

was the composer who invented the symphonic poem

Hector Berlioz

one of the greatest composers of program music; he wrote Symphonie fantastique

Absolute music

music that "is composed for the appreciation of musical sound" it does not tell a story

Richard Strauss

was the composer whose theme music was used in the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey

Idee fixe

in Symphonie fantastique, Berlioz uses this musical theme that appears in all five movements

Nationalistic music-

music intended to promote the character and interests of a nation

Bedrich Smetana

wrote "The Moldau" from Má Vlast

Incidental music

music written to go with a play

Concert overture

A piece of program music that is a fairly short, single-movement work for concert-
hall performance

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--Tchaikovsky- wrote Romeo and Juliet

...

--Much of Tchaikovsky's depression and many of his problems stemmed from being homosexual in a society that did not recognize it.

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--Tchaikovsky's most performed work is probably The Nutcracker.

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--Tchaikovsky's relationship with Nadezhda von Meck took place entirely via letters.

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--Tchaikovsky married Antonia Milyukova because she threatened to commit suicide if he didn't.

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--Mendelssohn revived the St. Matthew Passion; initiating widespread performances of Bach's music

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--Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto in E minor differs from classical concertos in that it has the soloist
introduce the first theme before the orchestra plays it.

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Brahms's requiem is designed to console the living.

Franz Schubert

- wrote the "Unfinished" Symphony"

Antonin Dvorak

- wrote the symphony nicknamed "From the New World"

Rossini's William Tell

- was the opera the "Lone Ranger" theme was originally taken from

Bel canto

- A style of singing that emphasizes beauty, purity of tone, and agile vocal technique

...

Verdi's last two operas have librettos based on Shakespearean plays.

...

The musical Miss Saigon has the same plot as Puccini's opera Madama Butterfly

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The opera that brought Puccini world fame was La Bohème.

Verismo opera

-La Bohème realism opera-an Italian operatic point of view favoring realistic subjects taken from everyday, often lower-class life

Grand opera

- French opera with spectacular production elements

Opera comique

- Light French opera with spoken dialogue

Lyric opera

- French opera with plots from romantic drama or fantasy that relied on beautiful melodies

Music drama

- The term Wagner used for his operas

...

To help singers project over the opera orchestra, the orchestra in Wagner's Bayreuth theater was placed
under the stage.

Gesamtkunstwerk

-means universal artwork.

Lietmotifs

- Melodies used to identify particular characters, objects, and ideas in Wagner's operas

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The movies that embrace the same dramatic elements of good against evil and the search for power as Wagner's Ring Cycle are The Lord of the Rings and Star Wars

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Debussy's primary goal as a composer was to give pleasure and appeal to the senses.

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Claude Debussy's Prélude à "L'après-midi d'une faune"is impressionism.

...

Debussy creates a languid, sensual mood in Prélude à "L'après-midi d'une faune" in part, by using
irregular nebulous (hazy, vague, confused) meter.

Spanish dance rhythms

- had a strong influence on Ravel's musical compositions

The Rite of Spring

depicts pre-Christian pagan rites in Russia.

...

The Rite of Spring culminates in the sacrifice of a virgin by dancing to death.

primitivism.

Igor Stravinsky's Le sacre du printemps is

Neoclassical-

Twentieth-century art and music based on symmetrically balanced forms

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Igor Stravinsky's Rake's Progress is an example of neoclassicism.

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The earliest phonograph recorded sound on a wax cylinder.

Bela Bartok

- The first composer to make field recordings of folk music for use in his compositions

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Many composers used folk music of isolated villages to express nationalism because they believed the people of those villages were untarnished since they had never been anywhere else.

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CD 1
Track #36 1. Schubert: "Erlkonig" ("King of Elves")
Track #37 2. Chopin: Nocturne, op. 9, no. 2
Track #38 3. Berlioz: "Dream of a Witches Sabbath" from Symphonie fantastique, V

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CD 2
Track #1-8 4. Smetana: "The Moldau"
Track #9 5. Brahms: A German Requiem "How Lovely is Thy Dwelling Place"
Track #10 6. Verdi: "O Earth Goodbye" from Aida
Track #11-15 7. Debussy: Prelude to "Afternoon of a faun"
Track #16-17 8. Stravinksy: Rite of Spring "Dance of the Young Girls"
Track #18 9. Schoenberg: "Der Mondfleck" (Moonfleck) no. 18 from Moonstruck Pierre

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