## CPR Study Guide

##### Created by:

Sameeh  on April 2, 2011

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# CPR Study Guide

 CPR ratio for an adult?30 compressions for every 2 breaths
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#### Definitions

CPR ratio for an adult? 30 compressions for every 2 breaths
CPR ratio for a child? 30 compressions for every 2 breaths
CPR ratio for an infant? 30 compressions for every 2 breathss
CPR ratio for 2 or more adults? 30 compressions for every 2 breaths (same as for one)
CPR ratio for 2 or more children? 15 compressions for every 2 breaths (half of what you'd use for just one)
CPR ratio for 2 or more infants? 15 compressions for every 2 breaths (half of what you'd use for just one)
Number of cycles of CPR for one adult? 4 cycles or until 2 minutes
Number of cycles of CPR for one child? 8 cycles or until 2 minutes
Number of cycles of CPR for one infant? 8 cycles or until 2 minutes
How deep do you press on an adult's chest during CPR? 1.5 to 2 inches
How deep do you press on a child's chest during CPR? 1 to 1.5 inches
How deep do you press on an infant's chest during CPR? 0.5 to 1 inches
No pulse + no breathing = ? CPR
CPR No pulse + no breathing
No pulse + ? = CPR No breathing
? + No breathing = CPR No pulse
Pulse + ? = rescue breathing No breathing
? + No breathing = rescue breathing Pulse
Rescue breathing = No breathing but has a pulse
No pulse but breathing SIKE! Not possible.
Ratio for Adult rescue breathing? 1 breath for every 5 seconds
Ratio for Child rescue breathing? 1 breath for every 3 seconds
Ratio for Infant rescue breathing? 1 breath for every 3 seconds
How many rescue breathing cycles for an adult? 24, or until 2 minutes
How many rescue breathing cycles for a child? 40 cycles, or until 2 minutes
How many rescue breathing cycles for an infant? 40 cycles, or until 2 minutes
What is the hand placement on an adult for CPR? 2 hands on center of chest with elbows and arms locked
What is the hand placement on a child for CPR? 1 hand on center of chest and one on the forehead with elbows and arms locked
What is the hand placement on an infant for CPR? 2 or 3 fingers in the center of the chest just below the nipple line and one hand on the forehead
What is the placement for conscious choking on an Adult? Stand or kneel behind the victim and give 5 back blows.
Place hands in the middle of the abdominal just above the navel and give 5 abdominal thrusts.
What is the placement for conscious choking on a child? Adjust your height to theirs.
Stand or kneel behind the victim and give 5 back blows.
Place hands in the middle of the abdominal just above the navel and give 5 abdominal thrusts.
What is the placement for conscious choking on an infant? Pick infant up by cupping a C below their mouth and turning them over on your arm.
Give 5 back blows.
Then turning them over and give 5 chest thrusts in the center of the chest just below the nipple line using 2 or 3 fingers.
Chest thrusts for an unconscious person? 1. Turn the head to the side.
2. Give 5 chest compressions.
3. Open the mouth and look for foreign objects.
4. Give 2 more breaths.
5. If the breaths don't go in, give 5 more chest thrusts.
How far must you ALWAYS take the victim from the water? 6 feet away
Start CPR as quickly as possible because ? CPR helps circulate blood to the vital organs until EMS arrive.
What sort of personal protective equipment should be used when providing care? Gloves and seal-easy
What should you do always before entering a scene? Size it up and decide whether it is safe.
What are the signs of choking? Flushed, pale, ashen, or bluish skin.
How many compressions per minute on an adult? 100
ALWAYS continue care until EMS arrive and take over.
What do you check for during initial assessment? Bleeding, breathing, and consciousness.

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