5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Encoding Factors: meaning
- Encoding factors: Prior knowledge
- Implications for studying
- Morris, Bransford, and Franks (1979)
- a • Study: FB ICB SNC AAP BS
• Now study: FBI CBS NCAA PBS
-Chucks connect to prior knowledge
- b • Spend quality time with your study materials!
- c • Craik and Tulving (1975):
• Study 60 words
• 3 types of processing tasks:
a. Shallow: physical characteristics
b. Medium: sound/acoustic
c. Deep: meaning/semantic
- d a. Rhyme: ("___ rhymes with eagle" LEGAL
b. Meaning: Does the word fit in the sentence?
("I met a ___ in the street" CLOUD)
- e being able to remember the information and pull back out of memory system for later use
5 Multiple choice questions
- Central Execute
(arrow to and from) (arrow to and from)
Phonological loop Visuospatial Sketchpad
- a. Med student produce associations to words.
b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
• Recall: sober vs. intoxicated
• Those that studied sober they made fewer errors and those that were intoxiated increased recall but only by a small amount.
- a. See words for 1 sec or 3 sec each.
b. Ss classified as having strategy type:
- how much information can be hold to memory and how long to keep it there
- • Standard: meaning > rhyme
• Rhyme Cue: rhyme > meaning
5 True/False questions
Phonological Loop → • What determines whether we will remember something
STM capacity → • Example:
• 1776, 1941, 1914, 1865, 1812
• This limit is flexible with chunks
encoding → how much information can be hold to memory and how long to keep it there
Central executive → a. Standard Recognition vs. Rhyme Cue
Are you using memory when → • You are talking to your best friend about her recent breakup?
a. Remembering earlier instances that caused her to be upset before
b. Remember own past experiences relate to hers-long term
c. Remember what they said just a second ago to hold conversation -short term
• You are driving to a soccer game?
• You are learning new information in class?
a. Learned from previous classes that might be helpful in this class
b. As she is talking you are taking notes-short term memory
c. Pull information to write it down-working memory (hold information as your engaging in it)