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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. STM capacity
  2. Long term memory
  3. Retrieval factors: physical context
  4. Implications for studying
  5. Stoff and Eagle's results
  1. a • Godden & Baddeley, 1975
    a. Varied where divers learned a list of words:
    i. Half learned the words on land
    ii. Half learn the words while underwater!
    b. Recall test given one year later
  2. b • Example:
    • 17761941191418651812
    • 1776, 1941, 1914, 1865, 1812
    • This limit is flexible with chunks
  3. c • Spend quality time with your study materials!
  4. d a. In rehearsal there was no difference
    b. In associative the three seconds was remembered more than the 1 second
    i. Extra time helps memory
  5. e • What determines whether we will remember something
    a. Repetition

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. • Goodwin et al. (1969)
    a. Med student produce associations to words.
    b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
    • Recall: sober vs. intoxicated
  2. • You are talking to your best friend about her recent breakup?
    a. Remembering earlier instances that caused her to be upset before
    b. Remember own past experiences relate to hers-long term
    c. Remember what they said just a second ago to hold conversation -short term
    • You are driving to a soccer game?
    • You are learning new information in class?
    a. Learned from previous classes that might be helpful in this class
    b. As she is talking you are taking notes-short term memory
    c. Pull information to write it down-working memory (hold information as your engaging in it)
  3. a. Rhyme: ("___ rhymes with eagle" LEGAL
    b. Meaning: Does the word fit in the sentence?
    ("I met a ___ in the street" CLOUD)
  4. • Nickerson and Adams (1979) had people view pennies like these
    a. Recognition Task: only 42% chose the correct one!
    b. Recall Task: Draw penny from memory
  5. being able to remember the information and pull back out of memory system for later use

5 True/False Questions

  1. Stoff and Eagle (1971)a. Med student produce associations to words.
    b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
    • Recall: sober vs. intoxicated
    • Those that studied sober they made fewer errors and those that were intoxiated increased recall but only by a small amount.


  2. encodinggetting info to memory


  3. Central executive• Duties:
    a. Plans cognitive tasks
    b. Integrates information from LTM
    c. Initiates retrieval and decision processes
    d. Coordinates other systems


  4. Working memory: Visuospatical sketchpadencoding; storage; retrieval


  5. Encoding Factors: meaning• Craik and Tulving (1975):
    • Study 60 words
    • 3 types of processing tasks:
    a. Shallow: physical characteristics
    b. Medium: sound/acoustic
    c. Deep: meaning/semantic


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