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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. retrieval
  2. Encoding factors: encoding specificity
  3. Central executive
  4. Chase and Simon (1973): chess experts vs. novices
  5. encoding
  1. a being able to remember the information and pull back out of memory system for later use
  2. b • Similarity between encoding and retrieval conditions
    • Factors:
    a. Physical state
    b. Physical context
  3. c getting info to memory
  4. d • Study locations of pieces on board
    a. Game Position (Typical)
    i. Novices: 4 pieces recalled; Experts 16 pieces recalled
    b. Random position
    i. Novices: 4 pieces recalled; Experts: 4 pieces recalled
  5. e • Duties:
    a. Plans cognitive tasks
    b. Integrates information from LTM
    c. Initiates retrieval and decision processes
    d. Coordinates other systems

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. • Craik and Tulving (1975):
    • Study 60 words
    • 3 types of processing tasks:
    a. Shallow: physical characteristics
    b. Medium: sound/acoustic
    c. Deep: meaning/semantic
  2. • Example:
    • 17761941191418651812
    • 1776, 1941, 1914, 1865, 1812
    • This limit is flexible with chunks
  3. • Temporarily maintains acoustic information.
    • Divided into 2 parts:
    a. Phonological store: tape loop (~2s)
    b. Subvocal rehearsal process: inner speech
    i. Articulatory suppression
    a. Saying "lalallalallallala" and being asked to memorize words
    b. Hard.
  4. a. Med student produce associations to words.
    b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
    • Recall: sober vs. intoxicated
    • Those that studied sober they made fewer errors and those that were intoxiated increased recall but only by a small amount.
  5. • Which is the real penny?

5 True/False questions

  1. Memory basicsa. Standard Recognition vs. Rhyme Cue

          

  2. Retrieval factors: physical context• Goodwin et al. (1969)
    a. Med student produce associations to words.
    b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
    • Recall: sober vs. intoxicated

          

  3. Repetition• Nickerson and Adams (1979) had people view pennies like these
    a. Recognition Task: only 42% chose the correct one!
    b. Recall Task: Draw penny from memory

          

  4. Implications for studying• Spend quality time with your study materials!

          

  5. Memory test:encoding; storage; retrieval

          

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