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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Baddeley's working memory Model
  2. retrieval
  3. Short term vs. long term memory
  4. Retrieval factors: physical state
  5. Memory test:
  1. a being able to remember the information and pull back out of memory system for later use
  2. b • Goodwin et al. (1969)
    a. Med student produce associations to words.
    b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
    • Recall: sober vs. intoxicated
  3. c Central Execute
    (arrow to and from) (arrow to and from)
    Phonological loop Visuospatial Sketchpad
  4. d • Old distinction in psychology
    • Short term memory (STM) AKA "working memory"
    a. Duration: 30 seconds
    b. Research began late 1950s
    • George millers (1956) "magical number"
  5. e a. Standard Recognition vs. Rhyme Cue

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. • Similarity between encoding and retrieval conditions
    • Factors:
    a. Physical state
    b. Physical context
  2. • Standard: meaning > rhyme
    • Rhyme Cue: rhyme > meaning
  3. a. In rehearsal there was no difference
    b. In associative the three seconds was remembered more than the 1 second
    i. Extra time helps memory
  4. • Spend quality time with your study materials!
  5. • From memory or perception
    • If you have to think about your house and imagine your walking through your house and count the number of windows and doors in the house

5 True/False questions

  1. Godden & Baddeley, 1975a. Varied where divers learned a list of words:
    i. Half learned the words on land
    ii. Half learn the words while underwater!
    b. Recall test given one year later
    • Varied environment at test
    • Land people - half still on land; half in water
    • Water people-half still under water; half one land
    • Godden and baddeley's results
    a. Have a higher recall where they initially learned the information


  2. Encoding factors: Prior knowledge• Craik and Tulving (1975):
    • Study 60 words
    • 3 types of processing tasks:
    a. Shallow: physical characteristics
    b. Medium: sound/acoustic
    c. Deep: meaning/semantic


  3. STM capacity• Example:
    • 17761941191418651812
    • 1776, 1941, 1914, 1865, 1812
    • This limit is flexible with chunks


  4. encodinghow much information can be hold to memory and how long to keep it there


  5. Long term memorybeing able to remember the information and pull back out of memory system for later use


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