NAME: ________________________

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. encoding
  2. Stoff and Eagle (1971)
  3. Baddeley's working memory Model
  4. Long term memory
  5. Working memory: Visuospatical sketchpad
  1. a • Philips (1979)
    a. Grids with randomly filled squares
    b. Ranged of complexity: 4x4 to 8x8
    c. Shown 2nd grid-are the same squares filled in?
    d. Varied interstimulus interval (time between grids)
  2. b • What determines whether we will remember something
    a. Repetition
  3. c Central Execute
    (arrow to and from) (arrow to and from)
    Phonological loop Visuospatial Sketchpad
  4. d getting info to memory
  5. e a. See words for 1 sec or 3 sec each.
    b. Ss classified as having strategy type:
    i. Rehearsal
    ii. Associative

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. a. Med student produce associations to words.
    b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
    • Recall: sober vs. intoxicated
    • Those that studied sober they made fewer errors and those that were intoxiated increased recall but only by a small amount.
  2. • You are talking to your best friend about her recent breakup?
    a. Remembering earlier instances that caused her to be upset before
    b. Remember own past experiences relate to hers-long term
    c. Remember what they said just a second ago to hold conversation -short term
    • You are driving to a soccer game?
    • You are learning new information in class?
    a. Learned from previous classes that might be helpful in this class
    b. As she is talking you are taking notes-short term memory
    c. Pull information to write it down-working memory (hold information as your engaging in it)
  3. a. Rhyme: ("___ rhymes with eagle" LEGAL
    b. Meaning: Does the word fit in the sentence?
    ("I met a ___ in the street" CLOUD)
  4. how much information can be hold to memory and how long to keep it there
  5. • Nickerson and Adams (1979) had people view pennies like these
    a. Recognition Task: only 42% chose the correct one!
    b. Recall Task: Draw penny from memory

5 True/False Questions

  1. Encoding factors: Prior knowledge• Craik and Tulving (1975):
    • Study 60 words
    • 3 types of processing tasks:
    a. Shallow: physical characteristics
    b. Medium: sound/acoustic
    c. Deep: meaning/semantic

          

  2. Temporarily maintains visual and spatial info.a. Rhyme: ("___ rhymes with eagle" LEGAL
    b. Meaning: Does the word fit in the sentence?
    ("I met a ___ in the street" CLOUD)

          

  3. Central executive• Duties:
    a. Plans cognitive tasks
    b. Integrates information from LTM
    c. Initiates retrieval and decision processes
    d. Coordinates other systems

          

  4. Godden & Baddeley, 1975a. Varied where divers learned a list of words:
    i. Half learned the words on land
    ii. Half learn the words while underwater!
    b. Recall test given one year later
    • Varied environment at test
    • Land people - half still on land; half in water
    • Water people-half still under water; half one land
    • Godden and baddeley's results
    a. Have a higher recall where they initially learned the information

          

  5. Retrieval factors: physical context• Godden & Baddeley, 1975
    a. Varied where divers learned a list of words:
    i. Half learned the words on land
    ii. Half learn the words while underwater!
    b. Recall test given one year later

          

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