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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Morris, Bransford, and Franks (1979)
  2. Encoding factors: Prior knowledge
  3. Baddeley's working memory Model
  4. Encoding Factors: meaning
  5. Retrieval factors: physical state
  1. a • Craik and Tulving (1975):
    • Study 60 words
    • 3 types of processing tasks:
    a. Shallow: physical characteristics
    b. Medium: sound/acoustic
    c. Deep: meaning/semantic
  2. b • Goodwin et al. (1969)
    a. Med student produce associations to words.
    b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
    • Recall: sober vs. intoxicated
  3. c a. Rhyme: ("___ rhymes with eagle" LEGAL
    b. Meaning: Does the word fit in the sentence?
    ("I met a ___ in the street" CLOUD)
  4. d Central Execute
    (arrow to and from) (arrow to and from)
    Phonological loop Visuospatial Sketchpad
  5. e • Study: FB ICB SNC AAP BS
    • Now study: FBI CBS NCAA PBS
    -Chucks connect to prior knowledge

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. a. In rehearsal there was no difference
    b. In associative the three seconds was remembered more than the 1 second
    i. Extra time helps memory
  2. a. Standard Recognition vs. Rhyme Cue
  3. how much information can be hold to memory and how long to keep it there
  4. • Nickerson and Adams (1979) had people view pennies like these
    a. Recognition Task: only 42% chose the correct one!
    b. Recall Task: Draw penny from memory
  5. • Temporarily maintains acoustic information.
    • Divided into 2 parts:
    a. Phonological store: tape loop (~2s)
    b. Subvocal rehearsal process: inner speech
    i. Articulatory suppression
    a. Saying "lalallalallallala" and being asked to memorize words
    b. Hard.

5 True/False Questions

  1. George millers (1956) "magical number"a. STM is limited!
    b. Capacity: 7+/-2


  2. Godden & Baddeley, 1975a. Varied where divers learned a list of words:
    i. Half learned the words on land
    ii. Half learn the words while underwater!
    b. Recall test given one year later
    • Varied environment at test
    • Land people - half still on land; half in water
    • Water people-half still under water; half one land
    • Godden and baddeley's results
    a. Have a higher recall where they initially learned the information


  3. Encoding factors: repetition• Which is the real penny?


  4. encodinggetting info to memory


  5. Goodwin et al. (1969)a. Med student produce associations to words.
    b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
    • Recall: sober vs. intoxicated
    • Those that studied sober they made fewer errors and those that were intoxiated increased recall but only by a small amount.


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