← Memory Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Morris et al. Results
- Stoff and Eagle (1971)
- Working memory: Visuospatical sketchpad
- Morris, Bransford, and Franks (1979)
- Chase and Simon (1973): chess experts vs. novices
- a a. Rhyme: ("___ rhymes with eagle" LEGAL
b. Meaning: Does the word fit in the sentence?
("I met a ___ in the street" CLOUD)
- b • Philips (1979)
a. Grids with randomly filled squares
b. Ranged of complexity: 4x4 to 8x8
c. Shown 2nd grid-are the same squares filled in?
d. Varied interstimulus interval (time between grids)
- c • Study locations of pieces on board
a. Game Position (Typical)
i. Novices: 4 pieces recalled; Experts 16 pieces recalled
b. Random position
i. Novices: 4 pieces recalled; Experts: 4 pieces recalled
- d a. See words for 1 sec or 3 sec each.
b. Ss classified as having strategy type:
- e • Standard: meaning > rhyme
• Rhyme Cue: rhyme > meaning
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- • From memory or perception
• If you have to think about your house and imagine your walking through your house and count the number of windows and doors in the house
- being able to remember the information and pull back out of memory system for later use
- • Study: FB ICB SNC AAP BS
• Now study: FBI CBS NCAA PBS
-Chucks connect to prior knowledge
- a. In rehearsal there was no difference
b. In associative the three seconds was remembered more than the 1 second
i. Extra time helps memory
- • What determines whether we will remember something
5 True/False Questions
Memory test: → encoding; storage; retrieval
Encoding factors: encoding specificity → • Which is the real penny?
Phonological Loop → getting info to memory
Goodwin et al. (1969) → a. Med student produce associations to words.
b. Do this after consuming soda or a cocktail
• Recall: sober vs. intoxicated
• Those that studied sober they made fewer errors and those that were intoxiated increased recall but only by a small amount.
Encoding factors: repetition → • Which is the real penny?