8) Le système judiciaire

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la procédure judiciaire

legal system

la cour (de justice)

court

l'audience

hearing

une affaire

case

le procès

trial, case

le pouvoir

power

un avocat

lawyer, barrister

le notaire

solicitor

la loi

law

le droit

law (as a discipline)

le décret

decree

le parquet

public prosecutor's department

la défense

defence

l'accusation

prosecution

les poursuites (f)

prosecution

la plainte

complaint

l'inculpation (f)

charge

un inculpé

charged person

la déposition

sworn statement

le témoin

witness

le témoignage

evidence

témoigner

to give evidence

la preuve

proof

le jugement

verdict

la condamnation

sentence

la peine

sentence

la peine de mort

death penalty

le verdict

verdict

l'appel (m)

appeal

le prisonnier

prisoner

le détenu

prisoner

la réclusion à perpétuité

life imprisonment

faire un procès à

to take proceedings against

poursuivre en justice

to take to court

engager un procès contre

to take action against

déposer plainte

to lodge a complaint

porter plainte

to lodge a complaint

juger

to try

le juge

judge

le juge d'instruction

examining magistrate

le jury

jury

les jurés

members of the jury

l'accusé

the defendant

l'inculpé

the accused

le procureur (de la République)

Public Prosecutor

comparaître

to appear in court

plaider

to plead

prouver

to prove

acquitter

to acquit

décharger

to acquit

infliger (une peine)

to impose a penalty

faire appel

to appeal

se prononcer

to reach a verdict

reconnaître coupable

to convict

poursuivre

to prosecute

juridique

legal

mettre en examen

to charge

légitime

legitimate, legal

condamné

convicted

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