p. 11-22 poetry anthology

Created by le10514 

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42 terms

idiom

the personal use of words that marks a poet's poetry

diction

the individual words in a poem

level of diction

amount of advanced choice and use of words in poems (ranging from slang to extreme formality)

poetic diction

used to indicate a level of speech somehow refined above ordinary usage (it used to be used as a compliment to the poet's work, now it is a criticism)

Archaisms

words that are no longer in common use

syncope

a contradiction; the dropping of a letter (glimm'ring)

Denotation

Literal sense of a word (the dictionary definition)

Connotation

The implied meaning or feel that some words have acquired

Coinage

A word made up by the poet

Paraphrase

when we put a poem into our own words

syntax

the order of words in a sentence

inversion

words that fall out of their expected order

ellipsus

words that are consciously omitted by the poet

Etymology

The study if the sources of words

Concrete diction

words which can be perceived by the senses

imagery

sensory details denoting specific physical experiences

Visual imagery

descriptive language that appeals to the sense of sight

auditory

descriptive language that appeals to the sense of hearing

olfactory

descriptive language that appeals to the sense of smell

tactile

descriptive language that appeals to the sense of touch

gustatory

descriptive language that appeals to the sense of taste

Imagism

A poetic movement in which concrete details predominate in short descriptive poems

Onomatopoeia

Words whose meanings are closely related to their sounds (Splash, thud)

Pun

The use of one word to imply the additional meaning of a similar-sounding word

Paronomasia

the formal term for the word pun

Tenor (of the figure of speech)

the thing being described

vehicle

concrete image

figures of speech

all of the types of figurative language that involve some kind of comparison

tropes

all of the types of figurative language that involve some kind of comparison

Metaphor

A direct comparison between two unlike things
Ex. His words were as sharp as knives.

Implied Metaphor

A metaphor in which either the tenor or vehicle is implied, not stated
Ex. The running back gathered steam and chugged towards the end zone.

Simile

A comparison using like, as, or than as a connective device
Ex. My love is like a red, red rose.

Conceit

An extended or far-fetched metaphor, in most cases comparing things that apparently have almost nothing in common
Ex. Make me, O Lord, thy spinning wheel complete

Hyperbole

An overstatement, a comparison using conscious exaggeration
Ex. He threw the ball so fast it caught the catcher's mitt on fire.

Understatement

The opposite of a hyperbole
Ex. VCU getting in the Final Four was unpredictable.

Allusion

A metaphor making a direct comparison to a historical or literary event or character, a myth, a biblical reference, and so forth.
He is a Sampson of strength but a Judas of discipline.

Metonymy

Use of a related object to stand for the thing actually being talked about
Ex. It's the only white-collar street in this blue-collar town.

Synecdoche

use of a part for the whole, or vice versa
Ex. The crowned heads of Europe were in attendance.

Personification

Giving human characteristics to nonhuman things or to abstractions
Ex. Justice weighs the evidence in her golden scales.

Paradox

An apparent contradiction or illogical statement
I'll never forget old what's-his-name.

Oxymoron

A short paradox, consisting of an adjective and noun with conflicting meanings.
Ex. The touch of her lips was sweet agony

Synthesia

A conscious mixing of two different types of sensory experience
Ex. A raw, red wind rushed from the north.

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