p. 11-22 poetry anthology
|idiom||the personal use of words that marks a poet's poetry|
|diction||the individual words in a poem|
|level of diction||amount of advanced choice and use of words in poems (ranging from slang to extreme formality)|
|poetic diction||used to indicate a level of speech somehow refined above ordinary usage (it used to be used as a compliment to the poet's work, now it is a criticism)|
|Archaisms||words that are no longer in common use|
|syncope||a contradiction; the dropping of a letter (glimm'ring)|
|Denotation||Literal sense of a word (the dictionary definition)|
|Connotation||The implied meaning or feel that some words have acquired|
|Coinage||A word made up by the poet|
|Paraphrase||when we put a poem into our own words|
|syntax||the order of words in a sentence|
|inversion||words that fall out of their expected order|
|ellipsus||words that are consciously omitted by the poet|
|Etymology||The study if the sources of words|
|Concrete diction||words which can be perceived by the senses|
|imagery||sensory details denoting specific physical experiences|
|Visual imagery||descriptive language that appeals to the sense of sight|
|auditory||descriptive language that appeals to the sense of hearing|
|olfactory||descriptive language that appeals to the sense of smell|
|tactile||descriptive language that appeals to the sense of touch|
|gustatory||descriptive language that appeals to the sense of taste|
|Imagism||A poetic movement in which concrete details predominate in short descriptive poems|
|Onomatopoeia||Words whose meanings are closely related to their sounds (Splash, thud)|
|Pun||The use of one word to imply the additional meaning of a similar-sounding word|
|Paronomasia||the formal term for the word pun|
|Tenor (of the figure of speech)||the thing being described|
|figures of speech||all of the types of figurative language that involve some kind of comparison|
|tropes||all of the types of figurative language that involve some kind of comparison|
|Metaphor|| A direct comparison between two unlike things|
Ex. His words were as sharp as knives.
|Implied Metaphor|| A metaphor in which either the tenor or vehicle is implied, not stated|
Ex. The running back gathered steam and chugged towards the end zone.
|Simile|| A comparison using like, as, or than as a connective device|
Ex. My love is like a red, red rose.
|Conceit|| An extended or far-fetched metaphor, in most cases comparing things that apparently have almost nothing in common|
Ex. Make me, O Lord, thy spinning wheel complete
|Hyperbole|| An overstatement, a comparison using conscious exaggeration|
Ex. He threw the ball so fast it caught the catcher's mitt on fire.
|Understatement|| The opposite of a hyperbole|
Ex. VCU getting in the Final Four was unpredictable.
|Allusion|| A metaphor making a direct comparison to a historical or literary event or character, a myth, a biblical reference, and so forth.|
He is a Sampson of strength but a Judas of discipline.
|Metonymy|| Use of a related object to stand for the thing actually being talked about|
Ex. It's the only white-collar street in this blue-collar town.
|Synecdoche|| use of a part for the whole, or vice versa|
Ex. The crowned heads of Europe were in attendance.
|Personification|| Giving human characteristics to nonhuman things or to abstractions|
Ex. Justice weighs the evidence in her golden scales.
|Paradox|| An apparent contradiction or illogical statement|
I'll never forget old what's-his-name.
|Oxymoron|| A short paradox, consisting of an adjective and noun with conflicting meanings.|
Ex. The touch of her lips was sweet agony
|Synthesia|| A conscious mixing of two different types of sensory experience|
Ex. A raw, red wind rushed from the north.