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What 4 plants contain cyanides?

Wild Cherry, Sudan Grass, Johnson Grass, sorghums

Cherries, apples, plums and apricots are?

cyanogenic plants

What is the characteristic odor of cyanide gas?

bitter almond or ammoniacal

What is minimum lethal dose of cyanide in all spp?

2.2.3mg/kg

What spp (group) is most susceptible to cyanide tox?

cattle; ruminants

Which part cyanogenic plants contain the highest amts of cyanide?

seeds

What is the mech. of action of cyanide?

binds with ferric iron and cupric copper in the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase in all tissues; blocks the electron transport chain and inhibits the use of oxygen for cellular respiration; particularly the brain = death

Cyanide is a prominent vaso______.

constrictor

Cyanide poisoning is ______ and ______ is the most common c/s.

rapid; sudden death

How long from the onset of tachypnea, anxiety, severe panting, gasping, salivation severe colic, and urination from cyanide tox. do animals die?

4-5 min

What color are mucous membranes w/ cyanide tox?

bright red; cherry red; blood may not clot

_____ ppm in forages is considered toxic.

200ppm

What two specimens are best post mortem?

brain and heart

All specimens of suspected cyanide tox. should be?

frozen

The picrate paper test is for?

cyanide testing in rumen contents or plant

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