Digestive System Vocab

15 terms by KaylaMaaraoui 

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colostomy

surgical creation of an opening between colon and body surface

endoscope

instrument used for visual examination of internal structures

cirrhosis

progressive degenerative disease of liver characterized by disturbance of structure and function, usually results in jaundice

constipation

decrease in frequency in passage of stools of difficulty in passing hard/dry stools

volvulus

twisting of intestine on itself that causes an obstruction

crohn's disease

chronic degenerative disorder of any part of GI tract, usually the colon or ileum or both, resulting in scaring and thickening of walls

dehydration

condition in which fluid loss exceeds fluid intake and disrupts body's electrolyte balance

pica

eating disorder in which there is a persistent eating of non-nutritional substances such as clay

emesis

vomiting: expel contents of stomach through esophagus and out the mouth

ulcer

open lesion on skin or mucous membrane

enzyme

chemical substance responsible for increase in chemical reaction

bile

liver secretion that aids in the breakdown of fats

caries

tooth decay, cavities

pancreas

organ the secretes digestive juice/enzymes into small intestine, also secretes insulin

nasogastric tube

tube inserted through the nose, down the esophagus and into the stomach

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