holt ancient civilizations unit 9

Created by emilymolly16 

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polis

Greek word for city-state

classical age

age is one that is marked by great achievments

acropolis

a high hill

democracy

Rule by the people

aristocrats

rich landowners

oligarchy

a government ruled by a few people.

citizens

People who had the right to participate in government

peninsula

a body of land with water surrounding it on three sides.

tyrant

a leader who held power through the use of force

Pericles

a brilliant elected leader who ruled from 460 B.C.to 429 B.C.

mythology

a body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works

Homer

ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)

Sappho

the most famous lyric poet who was a woman

Aesop

Greek author of fables (circa 620-560 BC)

fables

short stories that teach the reader lessons about life or give advice on how to live

Minoans

earliest Greek civilization that had developed on the island of Crete by 2000 B.C.

Mycenaeans

first Greek-speaking people; invaded Minoans; dominated Greek world 1400 B.C. to 1200 B.C.; sea traders; lived in separate city-states; invovled in Trojan War against Troy

Draco

Athenian lawmaker whose code of laws prescribed death for almost every offense (circa 7th century BC)

Solon

Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt

Cleisthenes

An aristocrat, created a council of 500 and helped from Athenian democracy

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