a set of written symbols that represent syllables.
chief general of the army
local lords ruled the land but were bound to higher lords and the emperor by ties of loyalty.
the great samurai.
clans, or groups of families descended from a common ancestor.
first ruling dynasty
the tenno clan led the union, descendants from the sun goddess Amaterasu.
gained power in japan in the 800's, the emperor became a figure head with religious duties but no real power.
structure of feudal japan
emperor -( no power) , shogun -samuri- peasant- artisans- craftsman- merchants
1st Europeans to reach Japan
Portuguese in 1543
Shoguns hostility to the Catholic missionaries
did not want Japanese christians to show loyalty to a foreign ruler- the pope
missionaries and christians in the 1600's
the government began persecuting foreign missionaries and Japanese christians
Shoguns in 1639
1. closed Japan to the world,
2.- foreigners could not enter
3. Japanese who left could not return,
4.outlawed the building of ocean going vessels.
Korea and China, policy lasted 200 years and US and other European nations put pressure on Japan to open its ports to the world.