Chapter 22 vocab. US History

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Ho Chi Minh

Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954 and South vietnam until 1975 (1890-1969)

William Westmoreland

American General who commanded American military operations in the Vietnam War at its peak from 1964 to 1968

Eugene McCarthy

1968 Democratic candidate for President who ran to succeed incumbent Lyndon Baines Johnson on an anti-war platform.

Robert Kennedy

He was a Democrat who ran for president in 1968 promoting civil rights and other equality based ideals. He was ultimately assassinated in 1968, leaving Nixon to take the presidency but instilling hope in many Americans.

Richard Nixon

he was elected to be US President after Johnson decided to not to run for US president again. He promised peace with honor in Vietnam which means withdrawing American soliders from South Vietnam

Henry Kissinger

Secretary of State, supported realpolitik, appointed by Nixon as his national Secretary advisor, engaged shuttle diplomacy

Zhou Enlai

Zhou Enlai was a prominent and influential member of the Chinese Communist Party during the time of Mao. He played a large role in China's reestablishing ties with the West.

Dien Bien Phu

In 1954, Vietminh rebels besieged a French garrison at Dien Bien Phu, deep in the interior of northern Vietnam. In May, after the United States refused to intervene, Dien Bien Phu fell to the communists.

Domino Theory

the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control

SEATO

Southeast Treaty Organization: Includes USA, UK, France, Pakistan, Thailand, the Philippines, Australia, and New Zealand

Vietcong

the guerrilla soldiers of the Communist faction in Vietnam, also know as the National Liberation Front

GUlf of Tonkin Resolution

allowed the president to take all necassay measures to repel armed attack or prevent further aggression

Naplam

Highly flammable chemical dropped from U.S. planes in firebombing attacks during the Vietnam War

Hawk

an advocate of an aggressive policy on foreign relations

Dove

an emblem of peace

Draftee

someone who is drafted into military service

SDS

a student organization that opposed the war in vietnam and held marches

credibility gap

The gap between the Johnson Administration and the American public support

tet offensive

surprise attacks on cities all over South Vietnam

Vietnamization

President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces

Kent State University

Where The Kent State Shootings Took Place Which Killed Four Students And Injured Nine Others

My Lai

location of the killing of over 400 Vietnamese civilians by American soldiers

Pentagon Papers

A 7,000-page top-secret United States government report on the history of the internal planning and policy-making process within the government itself concerning the Vietnam War.

Paris Peace Accords

1973 peace agreement between the United States, South Vietnam, North Vietnam, and the Vietcong that effectively ended the Vietnam War.

War Powers Act

Notify Congress within 48 hours of deploying troops; had to gain congress' approval to stay longer than 90 days; designed to curtail President's power

realpolitik

"realistic politics," practical politics, ends justified the means, power more important than principles

Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty

two agreements signed in 1972 and 1979 between he united states and soviet union limiting the number of offensive nuclear missles

detente

relaxation of tensions between the United States and its two major Communist rivals, the Soviet Union and China

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