Vocab Note Cards

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197 terms

cacophony

bad sounds; disagreeable or discordant sounds.

megaphone

large sound; a cone-shaped device for making the sound of the voice greater.

microphone

an instrument for intensifying weak (small) sounds

phonetics

the branch of language study dealing with speech sounds and heir symbols

phonics

the use of the sounds of letters and groups of letters in teaching beginners to read

phonograph

a machine for playing recorded sounds.

polyphonic

having two or more independent melodies all harmonizing.

saxophone

a wind instrument

stereophonic

solid sound; giving a multidimensional effect to sound.

symphony

sounds together; an orchestra; music written for an orchestra

acrophobia

an excessive or illogical fear of high places

claustrophobia

an excessive or illogical fear of enclosed places.

hydrophobia

an abnormal fear of water. Also, rabies

phobia

an excessive of illogical fear of some particular thing or situation.

phobic

excessively fearful

photophobia

an abnormal intolerance of light.

technophobia

a fear of technology; computer anxiety

xenophobia

fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers

anglophile

one who greatly admired England, its customs, and its people

bibliophile

one who loves books; a book collector

philatelist

one who loves stamps; a stamp collector

philharmonic

loving harmony; devoted to music; a symphony orchestra

philodendron

loving trees; a tropical climbing plant that likes the shade of trees

philosopher

one who loves and pursues wisdom through reasoning

philosophy

the love and pursuit of wisdom through reasoning

antipathy

a feeling against someone or something; a strong dislike

apathetic

without feeling; indifferent

apathy

a lack of feeling; indifference

empathy

feeling as if one were in the other person's place; and understanding so intimate that one participates in another's feelings.

pathetic

arousing feelings of pity.

pathological

caused by a disease

pathology

the study of suffering; the scientific study of the nature of the disease

pathos

a quality, especially in literature, that arouses feelings of pity

psychopathic

suffering in the mind, mentally disordered

sympathy

a feeling together with someone or something; a feelings for another person

panacea

a remedy for all ills of difficulties

Pan-American

including all of America, both North and South

panchromatic

sensitive to light of all colors.

pandemonium

a wild uproar

panopoly

a full suit of armor; ceremonial attire; any magnificent or impressive array.

panorama

a view in all directions

pantheism

the doctrine that God is all the laws and forces of nature and the universe. Also, the ancient belief in and worship of all gods.

pantheon

a temple of all the gods.

pantomime

a theatrical performance in which the actors play all the parts with gestures and without speaking.

amorphous

without definite form of shape.

anthropomorphism

assigning human characteristics or behavior to inanimate objects or animals.

ectomorphic

characterized by a slender physical build developed from the outside layer of the embryo

endomorphic

characterized by prominence of the abdomen and other soft body parts developed from the inside layer of the embryo.

mesomorphic

characterized by muscular or athletic build developed by the middle layer of the embryo.

metamorphosis

change of form or shape.

Morpheus

in Greek mythology. the god of dreams and of the forms that dreaming sleepers see.

morphine

a drug used to bring sleep or ease pain

morphology

the branch of biology that makes a study of the form of animals of plants.

monarchy

a government with one hereditary ruler

monastery

a dwelling place for monks living secluded from the world.

monk

one religious man living alone; now, a member of a religious brotherhood living in a monastery.

monocle

an eyeglass for one eye

monogamy

marriage to only one person at a time

monolith

one single large piece of stone, as a monument of a statue

monolithic

like one single stone, hence solid, massive, and uniform

monopoly

exclusive control by one group of a commodity or service

monosyllable

a word of one syllable

monotheism

the belief that there is only one God

monotone

having one tone; lack of variety in tone

monotonous

one tine, having no variation.

postdate

to date a check or other document with a future date rather than the actual date.

posterior

located behind

posterity

those who come after; future generations

postgraduate

relating to a course of study after college graduation

posthumously

after the death of the father or other person

Postimpressionist

a school of painting in France in the late nineteenth century that followed the Impressionists

postlude

a piece of music played after a church service

post meridiem

after noon

postmortem

an examination after death; an autopsy

postpone

to put off until afterward

postscript

a note written after the main body of a letter

preposterous

having the before part where the after part should be; contrary to nature, reason, or common sense

preamble

walking before, a preliminary statement to a document.

precedent

an act that foes before and may serve as an example for later acts

precipitate

to dash head-first; to hasten that occurrence of

precise

to cut off unnecessary parts beforehand; to make impossible by a previous action; to prevent

precocious

ripened before time; prematurely developed, as a precocious child

predilection

to love before others; a preference

preeminent

standing out before all others

prejudice

a judgement formed beforehand without examination of the facts

prelude

an introductory piece of music; a concert piece for piano or orchestra; an introductory performance or action preceding a more important one

preponderant

outweighing; having more power or importance

prerequisite

something required beforehand

presage

to perceive beforehand; to predict

proceed

to go forward

proclaim

to announce officially and publicly

proclivity

a slope forward; an inclination toward something, especially toward something objectionable

procrastinate

to push forward until tomorrow; to put off doing something until a future time

profuse

pouring forth freely; generous

profusion

a pouring forth; an abundance

projectile

something thrown forward by force; a missile

promontory

a high peak of land or rock

promotion

a moving forward; as to a better job

propel

to push or drive forward

propensity

a hanging forward, a natural inclination

proponent

one who puts something before people; one who argues in favor of something; an advocate

prospectus

a looking forward; a printed description of a proposed enterprise

protuberant

bulging

provident

seeing beforehand; making provision for the future

provision

a seeing beforehand; a preparation for the future

recede

to go back, as a river receded from its banks

receive

to take again; to take something offered

recreation

creating again; the refreshment of mine of body through some for of play or amusement

referee

one to whom questions are carried back; an official in a sports contest

remit

to send back

reside

to sit back; to dwell

residue

that which sits back; the part that remains after part has been separated away

retain

to hold back or keep in one's possession

revenue

money that comes back from an investment or other source; taxes and other income collected by the government

revise

to see again in order to correct errors

revive

to cause to live again

recalcitrant

kicking back the heels; obstinate; stubbornly rebellious

recant

to renounce a belief formerly held; especially in a formal or public manner

recession

a period of reduced economic activity

recluse

one who lives a solitary life and tends to avoid people

remiss

sent back; negligent; lax in attending to duty

remission

a sending back; a lessening, as a remission of disease, forgiveness

Renaissance

a rebirth; the revival of classical art, literature, and learning in Europe in the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.

resilience

to leap again; the ability to recover quickly from illness, change, or misfortune

revert

to turn back; to return to a former habit or condition

ascribe

to write to; to attribute

conscription

names written together; an enforced enrollment or military draft

inscribe

originally, to engrave words in stone; now, to write in, as the dedication of a book

manuscript

originally something written by hand; now a composition for publication

nondescript

not easy to write about or describe, lacking in distinctive qualities

prescribe

to write down a rule beforehand; in medicine; to order a treatment

proscribe

in ancient Rome, to publish the name of one condemned to death; now, to condemn or forbid as harmful

scribe

one who copies manuscripts

script

handwriting; alos the written copy of a play used by actors to learn their lines

Scripture

orignially, anything written; now, the Bible

subscribe

to write one's name on an agreement; to support or give approval to the idea

transcribe

to write over again

asses

to sit near to a judge; to estimate the value of property for taxation

assiduous

sitting at something until it is finished; persistent

insidious

sitting in wait for; treacherous, more dangerous than seems evident

obsess

to sit against; to besiege like an evil spirit; to preoccupy the mind abnormally

obsession

originally, the act of an evil spirit in ruling one; now, a persistent idea, desire or emotion that cannot be for rid of by reasoning

preside

to sit before a meeting to conduct it

president

one who sits before a group as its head

sedative

a medicine that makes one sit down or quiet down; a medicine that calms nerves or excitement

sediment

material that sits at the bottom of a liquid

session

the sitting together of a group

siege

sitting down before a town with the intention of capturing it

subside

to sit under; to sink to a lower level; to settle down

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