LOM Ch. 11 Abbreviations

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Cardiovascular system

AAA

abdominal aortic aneurysm

ACE inhibitor

angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor

ACLS

advance cardiac life support; CPR plus drugs and defibrillation

ACS

acute coronary syndrome

ADP

adensoine diphosphate; ADP blockers are used to prevent cardiovascular related death, heart attack, and stroked and after all stent procedures

AED

automatic external defibrillator

AF, a-fib

atrial fibrillation

AICD

automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator

AMI

acute myocardial infarction

ARVD

arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia

AS

aortic stenosis

ASD

Arial setal defect

AV, A-V

atrioventricular

AVR

Aortic valve replacement

BBB

bundle branch block

BNP

brain natriuretic peptide; elevated in congestive heart failure

BP

blood pressure

CABG

coronary artery bypass grafting

CAD

coronary artery disease

CCU

coronary care unit

Cath

catheterization

CHF

congestive heart failure

CK

creatine kinase; released into the bloodstream after injury to heart or skeletal muscles

CoA

coarctation of the aorta

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

CRT

Cardiac resynchronization therapy; biventricular pacing

CTNI or cTnI; CTNT cTnT

-cardiac troponin-I
-cardiac troponin-T

CV

cadiovascular

DES

drug-eluting stent

DSA

digital subtraction angiography

DVT

deep vein thrombosis

ECMO

extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

ECG (EKG)

eletrocardiography

ECHO

echocardiography

EF

ejection fraction; measure of the amount of blood that pumps out of the heart with each beat

EPS

eletrophysiology study; electrode catheters are inserted into veins and threaded into the heart and electrical conduction is measured

ETT

exercise tolerance test

ETT-MIBI

exercise tolerance test combined with a radioactive tracer (sestamibi) scan

HDL

high-density lipoprotien; high blood levels are associated with lower incidence of coronary artery disease

HTN

Hypertension (high BP)

IABP

intra-aortic ballon pump; used to support patients in cardiogenic shock

ICD

Implantable cadioverter-defibrillator

LAD

left anterior descending (coronary artery)

LDL

low-density lipoprotein

LMWH

low-molecular-weight heparin

LV

left ventricular assist device

LVAD

left ventricular assist device

LVH

left ventricular hypertrophy

MI

myocardial infarction

MR

mitral regurgitation

MUGA

multiple-gated acquisition scan, a radioactice test of heart function

MVP

Mitral valve prolapse

NSR

normal sinus rhythm

NSTEMI

non-ST elevation myocardial infarction

PAC

peripheral atrial disease

PAD

peripheral arterial disease

PCI

percutaneous coronary intervention

PDA

patent ductus arteriosus; posterior descending artery

PVC

premature ventricular contraction

SA, S-A node

sinoatrial node

SCD

sudden cardiac death

SOB

Shortness of breath

SPECT

single photon emission computed tomography; used for myocardial imagining with sestamibi scans

SSCP

substernal chest pain

STEMI

ST elevation myocardial infarction

SVT

supraventricular tachycardia; rapid heartbeats arising from the atria and causing palpitations, SOB and dizziness

Tc

technetium

TEE

transesophageal echocardiography

TGA

transposition of the great arteries

tPA

tissue-type plasminogen activator; a drug used to prevent thrombosis

UA

unstable angina; chest pain at rest or of increasing frequency

VF

ventricular fibrillation

VSD

ventricular septal defect

VT

ventricular tachycardia

WPW

Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome; an abnormal ECG often associated with paroxysmal tachycardia

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