World 9th Ch. 20 Study Guide

48 terms by jfulks

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superpower

country with both military powers and political influence

Truman Doctrine

U.S. promise of anticommunism support

Marshall Plan

U.S. effort to rebuild war-torn Europe

Berlin Air Lift

tactic used to overcome a Soviet blockade

Warsaw Pact

military alliance of Soviet allies

de-Stalinization

Khrushchev's policy of undoing his predecessor's more ruthless policies

heavy industry

the manufacture of machines and equipment for factories and mines

Sputnik

first space satellite

Tito

Yugoslav leader who resisted Stalin's control

Czechoslovakian reform leader and party secretary

Dubcek

welfare state

nation in which the government provides services and a minimum living standard to all

real wages

the actual purchasing power of income

chancellor

title of German head of state

bloc

group of nations with a common purpose

segregation

separation, for example, by race

Four

In post war Germany, how many zones was Berlin divided into?

Containment

What policy did the U.S. adopt to stop the spread of communism?

They could not afford foreign aid

Why did the Soviet Union's council for Mutual Economic Assistance fail?

hold free elections to determine their futures

What did the United States and Great Britain believe that the liberated nations of Eastern Europe should do?

as a result to the 1946 withdrawal of British aid to Greece

Why was The Truman Doctrine formulated, initially?

that it would not allow Eastern European satellites to become independent of control

After Stalin's death in 1953, what did the Soviet Union make clear to the world?

he attacked Budapest

How did Khrushchev react in response to Nagy's declaration of Hungarian indepence?

he resigned

In Czechoslovakia in 1967, what did a protest campaign led by writers force the Communist leader to do?

the Soviet army invaded Czechoslovakia

What caused the "Prague Spring" of Alexander Dubcek to "forestall", or stop/slowed down in 1968?

"socialism with a human face"

What did Dubcek say he wanted to create?

American economic domination

What did Canada's postwar growth, financed by U.S. investment, lead to Canadian fears of?

feminism

In the late 1960s, what did the writings of reformers like de Beauvoir create renewed interest in?

The Vietnam War, university policies and administrations, and alienation of the individual from society

What things did students react against by protesting in the late 1960s?

baby boom

What did the postwar birthrates rising in the late 1940s and 1950s create?

consumer society

What did increases in workers' wages, increased credit, and built-up demand for postwar goods lead to the creation of?

Alexander Solzhenitsyn

Author of The Second Sex.

Simone de Beauvoir

Auther of A Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich.

John F. Kennedy

U.S. president involved in the Cuban missle crisis

Joseph Stalin

Soviet leader who promoted the growth of heavy industry over consumer goods after Worl War II.

Fidel Castro

Communist leader of Cuba during the Cuban missle crisis.

Charles de Gaulle

First president of France's Fifth Republic.

Richard Nixon

U.S. president who resumed relations with China after the VIetnam War.

Nikita Khrushchev

Soviet Leader who built the Berlin Wall.

Konrad Adenauer

West German leader responsible for the "economic miracle"

Civil War in Greece in 1946

Contributed to tensions between the Soviet Union and Great Britain.

China

U.S. fears about the spread of communism were increased when this nation became a Communist nation in 1949?

Spain

This country was not an original member of NATO.

Poland

This country was a member of the Warsaw Pact.

Sputnik I

When the soviet Union launched this satellite in 1957, many Americans feared that the Soviet Union was ahead of the U.S. in the production of missies.

The " Bay of Pigs"

Te U.S.'s attempt to overthrow the Cuban government.

Alexander Dubcek

Communist leader who initiated the " Prague Spring:".

Joseph McCarthy.

Te U.S. senator responsilbel for the anti-communist movement known as the "Red Scare".

Kent State University

Thesite where four students in the 1970s were killed by the Ohio National Guard during an antiwar demonstration.

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