5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- how to diagnose a GI disease
- Reiter's syndrome
- bacterial peritonitis
- listeria symptoms
- complications of gastric or duodenal ulcer-Perforation
- a Identify the location of the patient's discomfort by using either abdominal quadrants or regions, and note the onset, duration, and frequency of all symptoms. And what they have been doing to treat themselves so far.
- b Fever, Muscle aches, Nausea, Diarrhea
Symptoms if spread to the nervous system (brain and spinal cord)
Headache, Stiff neck, Confusion, Loss of balance, Convulsions
- c Sometimes an ulcer eats a hole in the wall of the stomach or duodenum, and bacteria and partially digested food can spill through the opening into the sterile abdominal cavity (peritoneum) and cause peritonitis, an inflammation of the abdominal cavity and wall.
- d Complication from salmonella infection. Salmonella infection may cause a condition known as Reiter's syndrome in a small percentage of people. Symptoms of Reiter's syndrome include joint pain, eye irritation and pain when urinating.
- e Happens when GI tract has a hole allowing spillage of bacteria and partially digested food into the sterile abdominal cavity causing inflammation of abdominal cavity and wall.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- injection of epinephrine, oral corticosteroids: Prednisone, nebulizer treatment with a bronchodilator
- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - GERD
A digestive disorder that affects the lower esophageal sphincter (LES)—the muscle connecting the esophagus with the stomach. Dietary and lifestyle choices may contribute to GERD. Certain foods and beverages, including chocolate, peppermint, fried or fatty foods, coffee, or alcoholic beverages, may weaken the lower esophageal sphincter causing reflux and heartburn.
- peak flow test superbill code-"forced vital capacity"
- Tips to control heartburn:
Avoid foods and beverages that affect LES pressure or irritate the esophagus lining, including fried or fatty foods, peppermint, chocolate, alcohol, coffee, citrus fruit and juices, and tomato products. Lose weight if overweight, Stop smoking, Elevate the head off the bed 6 inches, Avoid lying down 2 to 3 hours after eating, Take an antacid
- Gum guaiac - a natural resin from a certain type of tree
H2O2 - Hydrogen Peroxide.
Guaiac and oxygen (H2O2 on card) and peroxidase (an enzyme, from feces) = Blue Color.
Peroxidase is provided in the control area)
5 True/False Questions
ulcer disease → Bacterium (Helicobacter pylori) in the stomach that can cause peptic ulcer, causes 80 to 90% of ulcers are caused by this bacteria. Gastric and duodenal ulcers
treatment of duodenal ulcer → Caffeine, smoking, alcohol, stress. Caffeine seems to stimulate acid secretion in the stomach, aggravating the pain of an existing ulcer; Smoking increases the chances of getting ulcers, slows the healing process, and contributes to recurrence; Ulcers are more common in people who have cirrhosis of the liver, often linked to heavy alcohol consumption; Emotional stress increases ulcer pain.
Barrett's esophagus → Complication from salmonella infection. Salmonella infection may cause a condition known as Reiter's syndrome in a small percentage of people. Symptoms of Reiter's syndrome include joint pain, eye irritation and pain when urinating.
sites for ulcerative colitis → Ulcerative colitis causes inflammatory ulcers from the anus proximally through the colon. Causes ulcer formation that is continuous and invades mucosal linings but does not go through the entire colon wall.
hemorrhoid → aleoli (air sacs) do not empty properly. As they take in new air they expand, eventually they rupture and die. It causes the diameter of the chest front to back to expand, normally that should be about half the width of the chest. Big barrel chest because waste air is not being expelled. A subtype of COPD.