A system of law based on precedent and customs.
A ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case.
A person or party filing a lawsuit.
An individual or group being sued or charged with a crime.
A serious crime such as murder, rape, kidnapping, or robbery.
A relatively minor offense such vandalism or stealing inexpensive items.
The study of law.
Writ of habea corpus
A court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person.
Bill of attainder
A law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court.
A legal action in which a person or group sues to collect damages for some harm that is done.
ex post facto law
A law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed.
A file that a lawyer brings.
A document that announces that he/she is being sued.
The practice of using earlier judicial rulings as a basis for deciding cases.
When both lawyers check facts and question witnesses.
When both sides agreed on the amount of money the defendant will pay the plaintiff.
When the defendant pleads not guilty.
When both sides calls a witness who swears to tell the truth.
After a witness testifies for one side, the other side is allowed to.
When the jury cannot reach a unanimous decision.
When the defendant is found not gulity by the jury and goes free.
A law written by legislative branch.
A person not yet legally an adult.
A child or teenager who commits a serious crime or repeatedly breaks the law.
To correct person's behavior.