A machine that could spin several threads at once
A person who invests in a business in order to make a profit
Brings workers and machinery together in one place to produce goods
The economy shifts from agriculture and hand-made items to manufacturing. Machines replace hand tolls. New sources of power, such as steam, replace human and animal power
Machine-made parts that are alike or identical
Young women who worked in a textile mill in Lowell, Massachusetts. Most came from nearby farms, worked for a few years and sent their money home to their family, then returned home to marry.
Movement of population from farms to cities
He memorized the design of mill machines and brought them to the United States. He worked for Moses Brown in Rhode Island and built the first successful textile mill in the US.
He developed the idea of machines making interchangeable parts for guns. His idea quickly spread to other items, like clock parts.
How did the Industrial revolution begin in the United States?
Samuel Slater built the first successful textile mill and Eli Whitney developed the idea of interchangeable parts for guns.
What was unusual about the factory town, Lowell, Massechusetts?
It grew from a village of five farm families to 10,000 people in 15 years.
What were conditions like for workers during the early Industrial Revolution?
Mostly women and children worked. The work day was long: 12 hours a day and 6 days a week. Mill workers worked the same hours all year long.
List three ways in which American cities were changed by the early Industrial Revolution.
Old cities grew and new cities sprang up around factories.
Cities were filthy and disease spread quickly.
Cities had attractions like theaters, museums, circuses, and fine shopping.