-Became President after the death of FDR in 1945
-Responsible for dropping the atomic bombs on Japan and World War 2
-Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe after the war
-Started second term in 1949 (defeating Thomas Dewey)
-Fought Korean War in second term
Famous actress in films such as My Dream is Yours, It's a Great Feeling, and also had famous songs such as It's Magic (1949)
-Communist Party of China took control, after winning a struggled starting before World War 2.
-Entered Korean War in 1950's
-Partially deaf singer
-Number one hit song Cry
-Other songs included The Little White Cloud that Cried & Walking in the Rain
Top gossip reporter, whose newspaper column and radio show could make or break a celebrity
-Popular baseball player for Yankees
-Set Major League record in 1941 for hitting safely 56 straight games
-Retired in 1952
-Briefly married Marilyn Monroe
Senator from Wisconsin known for his hearings on suspected communists in the government and movie industry. Known for his brutal interrogations of suspects, resulting in ruining the lives of both guilty and innocent people.
Studebaker was a popular car in 1950. The styling consisted of a torpedo front end and read window. People joked that the car looked like it was going backwards. The company went out of business in 1966.
North Korea/South Korea
-Split in two following World War 2
-1950: North Korea attacked South Korea starting the Korean War
Husband and wife arrested and executed for selling secrets of the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union
-Marlon Brando was a topic movie actor
-Received Academy Award for his role in On the Water Front
-Starred in Godfather
The King and I
1951 Popular Broadway play that was turned into a movie starring Yul Brunner and Deborah Kerr
The Catcher in the Rye
Extremely popular book among teens written by J.D Salinger, as it epitomized their attitutes and feelings
Supreme Commander in the World War 2 fight against the Nazis. He later became a popular president of the United States.
Jonas Stalk discovered a cure for the dreaded disease polio which was distributed throughout the world (1952)
Popular pianist and entertainer, who had his own TV show in the 1950's. He was known for wearing sequined tuxedos and having a candelabra on his piano. He created with advising singer Elvis Presley to also wear "fancy clothes" during his performances. he was adored by women because of his sweet smile and wavy hair. (1952)
Dictator of Soviet Union. Harsh leader who had million of his people executed or sent to labor camps in Siberia. On his way to political power, he changed his name to mean steel in Russian.
Soviet politician and Communist Party Leader and a close collaborator of Joseph Stalin. Briefly became the leader of the USSR following Stalin's death
Second President of Egypt after Muhammad Naguib. He was considered one of the most influential Arab leaders in history
Grandson of oil tycoon. Served as governor of New York from 1959 to 1973. He was the 41st Vice President of the United Stated from 1974-1977 (1953)
All-star catcher for the Brooklyn Dodgers baseball team. His career was cut short by a paralyzing car accident. (1953)
Advisor to Senator Joseph McCarthy during the McCarthy Hearings on Communists in the movie industry and government. (1954)
Fall of Dien Bien Phu
French loses control over Indo-China, known as Vietnam, leading to this major event (1954)
Rock Around the Clock
Bill Hailey and the Comets came out with what was considered the first rock and roll hit song in 1954. It was the theme music for the popular movie Blackboard Jungle.
Developed the Theory of Relativity in 1903 and was considered of the world's smartest scientists. He became a popular figure in the later years of his life. He died in 1955.
Movie star who became a symbol of young people from his role in the movie Rebel Without a Cause. After making the movie Giant, which moved him to a top star, he was killed when he lost control fo his sports car when driving alone. (1955)
Actor Fess Parker played the star of this highly popular TV series. A novelty song by that title became the number 1 hit for a short time. (1955)
Became a national phenomenon with such number 1 hit songs such as Heartbreak Hotel, Don't Be Cruel, and Hound Dog. He was known for the way he shook his hips while dancing. Many religious leaders and school officials banned his songs. Later went on to be nicknamed "The King" (1955)
Opening in 1955 in Anaheim, california. Theme park, developed by Walt Disney and based around his cartoon characters. It was designated as a place for family entertainment.
Anti-communists took part in this Hungarian city. Soviet troops put down the revolt and arrested many Hungarians, especially students. (1956)
African-American Rosa Parks sat in Montgomery bus seat designated for whites only in 1955 thus starting demonstrations and a boycott of Montgomery buses that lasted until December 1965. Since the boycott was costing downtown stores and white businesses considerable money, negotiations wer made to finally inegrat the buses. But this even also was a staring point for the Civil Rights Movement of MLK and others.
Emerged as a leader in Soviet Union after the death of dictator Joseph Stalin. In 1956, he advocated reform and indirectly criticized Stalin and his methods. He became the Premier of the Soviet Union fron 1958 to 1974.
Trouble in the Suez
After Britain and the US withdrew their support for the Egyptian Aswan Dam Project, General Nasser nationalized this canal. Egypt was the invaded by British, French, and Israeli forces. Under pressure from the US the invaders left Egypt and a UN emergency force was sent to Egypt. (1956)
Nine African American students enrolled at Central High School in this Arkansas town. Governer Faubus ordered the National Guard to surround the high school to keep the nine students from entering the school because he believed black and whites should be separated, despite Federal laws on integration. President Eisenhower ordered the 101st Airborne Division into Little Rock to insure the safety of the students. (1957)
Russian poet and author. Best known for his monumental novel about Russia entitled "Doctor Zhivago"
Great baseball player for the New York Yankee team. He batted both left and right handed, hit at a leading batting average, as well as led the league in home runs. (1957)
Author of the best-selling book On the Road, which epitomized the Best Generation of the later 1940's and early 1950's.
Name of the first orbiting satellite sent into the space by the USSR. Turmoil over its launch initiated the race for supremacy in space. (1957)
Premier and Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China. Popular and practical administrator during the Great Leap Forward of 1958 and later pushed for modernization to undo damage caused by the Cultural Revolution of 1966 to 1976.
Bridge on the River Kwai
1957 Academy Award winning movie about a World War 2 Japanese prisoner of war camp.
US President Eisenhower ordered US Marines into this country at the request of President Chamoun to help stop rioting in 1958.
Serial killer who made the news in 1958 because of his gruesome murder. Him and his girlfriend, Caril Fugare went on a killing spree of 11 to 15 people over a span of a month and half. They were executed in 1959
Children of Thalidomide
Children of women who took this drug during pregnancy were born with only stubs for arms. After this tragedy, the drug was taken off the market. (1959)
POpular singer and leader of the Crickets rock group. He was killed in a plane crash, along with singers The Big Bopper and Ritchie Valens. In the 1980's, the hit song American Pie referred to his death as "the day the music died."
Secret US spy planes over the Soviet Union to take pictures and gather information. One was shot down by a Russian missile
First president of South Korea serving from 1948 to 1960. His method of rule became unpopular and he was forced to resign a student-led democratic movement.
DJ's were being exposed for taking bribes for playing certain songs on the radio. Top National Dj Allen Freed was convicted of this. American Bandstand was also accused of committing this.
Former Nazi leader arrested in Argentina and brought to Israel, where he was convicted and executed.
Stranger in a Strange Land
Award winning fictional book by a Robert A. Heilein about Valentine Michael Smith, who was born durin the first manned mission to Mars and the only survivor. He is raised by martians, and when he arrived on Earth, he had never even seen a woman. But he was the legal heir to an enormous financial empire. He then explored human morality and the meanings of love and founded his own church, preaching free love.
Soviets erect wall in this city diving it into a part controlled by the Russians and an area controlled by the US, British, & French.
Bay of Pigs Invasion
A secret mission led by the CIA with trained Cuban rebels, failed horribly. Outdated maps landed the strike force in the middle of a cuban base. President Kennedy took the heat due to its failure.
British rock group takes over the music scene with numerous hit records on the top-40s chart.
University to admit first black student, James Meredith, with US Marshalls enforcing the rule to integrate the school.
Liston beats Patterson
This mean-looking boxer successfully defeated the Champion and then went on to change his name to Muhammad Ali
Ho Chi Minh
Leader of the Communist North Vietnamese, who first fought the French and then the Americans
President Nixon accused of breaking into the Democratic headquarters in hotel. Nixon tried to cover up the fact and soon he was forced to reigned from office.