Chapter 14 Endocrine system

67 terms by StephanieGamble

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CCK

cholecystokinin

ADH

antidiuretic hormone

SAD

seasonal affective disorder

FSH

follicle-stimulating hormone

GH

growth hormone

GnRh

gonadotropin-releasing hormone

LH

Luteinizing hormone, ovulation and egg release, maturation of egg, release of testosterone in males.

OT

oxytocin

PRL

prolactin

TSH

thyroid-stimulating hormone

T3

triiodothyronine

PTH

parathyroid hormone

DHEA

dehydroepiandrosterone

DM

diabetes mellitus

IDDM

insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

NIDDM

non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

DKA

diabetic ketoacidosis

Hb A1c

glycosylated hemoglobin (hemoglobin A one-C)

Melatonin

hormone formed by the pineal gland. secretes at night to help you sleep (seep aide)

Serotonin

a neurotransmitter in the central and peripheral nervous system act a an sleep depressant

Hormone

chemical formed in one tissue organ and carried ny the blood to stimulate or inhibit a function of another tissue or organ

Antidiuretic

an agent that decreases urine production

Oxytocin

pituitary hormone that stimulates the uterus to contract

PO

by mouth

Ine

pertaining to

Adrenal gland

the suprarenal, or adrenal gland on the upper pole of each kidney

Thyroxine

thyroid hormone T4

Vasopressin

also called ADH. pituitary hormone that constricts blood vessels and decreases urine output

Acro

highest point

Ism

condition

Hypo

deficient

Dwarfism

uderproduction of growth of hormone

DI

diabetes insipidus

Diabetes Insipidus

condition of abnormal increase in urine output most commonly caused by inadequate secretion of pituitary ADH; symptoms include polyuria and polydipsia; urine appears colorless due to the inability of the kidneys to concentrate urine

Acromegaly

in adults, excessive gowth hormones. enlargement of the head, hands, face, and feet

Gigantism

condition in childern, excessive production starts before plates of the long bones have closed causing thelong bones to grow enormously

Hypercalcemia

excessive level of calcium in the blood

Thyroid Storm

medical crisis and emergency due to excess thyroid disease

Thyroiditis

inflammation of the thyroid gland

Graves Disease

an autoimmune disorder that is caused by hyperthyroidism and is characterized by goiter and/or exophthalmos

Hyperthyroidism

excessive activity of the thyroid gland

Exophtalmos

both eyeballs bulge outward, often because of thyroid dysfunction or a tumor behind the eyeball

Goiter

enlargement of the thyroid gland, as it enlarges it causes difficulty swallowing and breathing.

Hashimoto Disease

an autoimmune disease with lymphocytic infiltration of the gland, resulting inlifelong thyroid hormone replacement therapy

Euthyroid

normal thyroid function

Antithyroid

a substance that inhibits the production of thyroid hormones

Cretinism

condition of severe congenital hypothyroidism

One

hormone

Cushing Syndrome

clinical manifestation due to pituitary tumor secerting too much include obesity of the trunk, musle wasting, weakness, osteoporosis, kidney stones, and reduced resistance to infection.

Conn Syndrome

aldosteronism

Lysis

breakdown

Pancreas

the head of which is tucked into the curve of the duodenum

Gen/o

to create

Gluconeogenesis

formation of glucose from noncarbohydrate sources

Acetone

ketone that is found in blood, urine and breath when diabetes mellitus is out of control

Hyperglycemia

excess of sugar in the blood

Ketone

chemical formed in uncontrolled diabetes or in starvation

Polydipsia

excessive thirst

Polyphagia

excessive eating

Polyuria

excessive urination

Synergist

agent or process that aids the action of another

Gestational Diabetes

occurs during pregnancy, usually resolves itself AFTER THE BABY IS BORN, more susceptible to having DM later in life, may require insulin during pregnancy

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