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Baroque

elaborate an extensive ornamentation in decorative art and architecture that flourished in Europe in the 17th century, dramatic use of light, bold colors and value contrasts

Rococo

fanciful but graceful asymmetric ornamentation in art and architecture that originated in France in the 18th century

Neoclassicism

Western movement in painting, sculpture, and architecture of the late 18th and 19th centuries that looked to the civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome for inspiration. Art labeled as classical

Romanticism

Western art of the 19th century, generally assumed to be in opposition to Neoclassicism. Romantic works are marked by intense colors, turbulent emotions, complex composition, soft outlines, and sometimes heroic or exotic subject matter.

Realism

Art that portrays forms in the natural world in a highly faithful manner. Specifically an art style of the mid 19th century

Impressionism

A movement in painting originating in the 1860's in france. Portraying daily life, especially the leisure activities of the middle class.

Post-Impressionism

France 1885-1905, rejected the relative absence of form characteristic of impressionism; VInvent van Gogh, Paul Cezanne, Paul Gauguin and Georges Seurat

Fauvism

A short-lived but influential art movement in France in the early 20th century that emphasized bold, arbitrary, expressive color

Expressionism

an art movement early in the 20th century especially in Germany which claimed the right to distor visual appearances to express psychological or emotional states, especially the artist's own personal feelings. Raises subjective feeling above objective observation, using distortion and exaggeration for emotional effect.

Die Brucke

German Expressionist movement that focused on distortions of form, ragged outlines, and agitated brush strokes to provoke powerfully emotional works; started by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

Der Blaue Reiters

a German movement lasting from 1911 to 1914, fundamental to Expressionism, along with Die Brücke which was founded the previous decade in 1905. Wassily Kandinsky, Franz Marc, August Macke, Alexej von Jawlensky, Marianne von Werefkin, Lyonel Feininger, Albert Bloch and others founded the group in response to the rejection of Kandinsky's painting Last Judgement from an exhibition. Der Blaue Reiter lacked a central artistic manifesto, but was centred around Kandinsky and Marc. Artists Gabriele Münter and Paul Klee were also involved. The Blue Rider. Spiritual Truths through art

Cubism

Founded by Pablo Picasso, cubism concentrates on a complex geometry or zigzagging lines and sharply angled, overlapping planes.

Futurism

Art movement founded in Italy in 1909 and lasting only a few years. Futurism concentrated on the dynamic quality of modern technological life, emphasizing speed and movement.

Dada

-emerged during WWI -created "anti-art" -emphasized absurdity, irrationality, chance, whimsy, irony and childishness -deliberately shocking in order to disrupt public complacency -DuchampSurrealism: -emphasized imagery from dreams and fantasy -Dali, Oppenheim, Miró

Surrealism

A movement of the early 20th century that emphasized imagery from dreams and fantasies.

De Stijl

Dutch post-WWI movement that believed that their style revealed the underlying structure of existence; art was simplistic and used primary colors and horizontal and vertical lines (invented by Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesburg)

The New York School

(synonymous with *abstract expressionist* painting) was an informal group of American poets, painters, dancers, and musicians active in the 1950s, 1960s in New York City. The poets, painters, composers, dancers, and musicians often drew inspiration from Surrealism and the contemporary avant-garde art movements, in particular action painting, abstract expressionism, Jazz, improvisational theater, experimental music, and the interaction of friends in the New York City art world's vanguard circle.

Pop Art

an American school of the 1950s that imitated the techniques of commercial art (as the soup cans of Andy Warhol) and the styles of popular culture and the mass media

Minimal Art

To get rid of representation and focus on technique and the process of creating, to make a work of art that had no reference to the artist, or their hand. (Donald Judd and Frank Stella)

Conceptual Art

Holds the belief that the essence of art resides in a motivating idea, and that any physical realization or recording of this idea is secondary.

Earthworks

Take art work outside of the Gallery Walls, art work is designed "site specific"

Feminism

belief that women should possess the same political and economic rights as men

Color Field Painting

A technique in abstract painting developed in the 1950s. It focuses on the lyrical effects of large areas of color, often poured or stained onto the canvas. Newman, Rothko, and Frankenthaler painted in this manner.

Automatic Drawing

André Masson 1925-26 scribbles

Action Painting

a New York school of painting characterized by freely created abstractions, splatter paint

Jacques-Louis David Oath of the Horatii, 1794 / Neoclassicism

Jean-Honoré Fragonard, The Pursuit, 1771-73/ rococo

Garden with angels

Diego Velázquez, Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor), 1656

Mansart and Le Brun, Hall of Mirrors, Palace of Versailles, c. 1680.

Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes, 1625

Thomas Cole, The Oxbow, 1836

Gustave Courbet, The Stone Breakers, 1849 / Realism

stone

Rosa Bonheur, The Horse Fair, 1853-185

Thomas Eakins, The Gross Clinic, 1875

law old men

Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Le Moulin de la Galette, 1876 / Impressionism

Henri Matisse, The Joy of Life, 1905-06 / fauvism

Umberto Boccioni, Unique Forms of Continuity in Space, 1913./ Futurism

Salvador Dali, The persistance of memory 1931/ surrealism

Gerrit Rietveld, Schroder House, Utrecht. 1924 / De Stijl

Marcel Duchamp, The Fountain, 1917

Paul Cézanne, Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1902-04 / fauvism

Vincent Van Gogh, The Starry Night, 1888 / Post- impressionism

Georges Seurat, A Sunday afternoon on the island of La Grande Jatte, 1884 / impressionism

Paul Gauguin, Day of God, 1894

People laying by weird water

Piet Mondrain, Trafalgar Square, 1939-43 / de stijl

Lines and color boxes

Jackson Pollock

Free Spirt, action

De Kooning

Action painting, abstract expressionism, part of new york school

Robert Motherwell

Expression, Abstract, school to be a philosopher

Frida Kalho

Self- portraits

Savlador Dali

Spanish surrealist painter

Claes Oldenburg

Cherry spoon, famous park sculptures

Neo-Dada

Assemblages, places objects with different objects. Displaced

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